Time out of mind: Temporal perspective in adults with ADHD.

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  • Author(s): Carelli, Maria G.. Department of Psychology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden, Carelli, Maria G.. Department of Psychology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden, ; Wiberg, Britt. Department of Psychology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
  • Source:
    Journal of Attention Disorders, Vol 16(6), Aug, 2012. pp. 460-466.
  • Publisher:
    US : Sage Publications
  • Language:
    English
  • Document Type:
    Journal Article
  • Publication Type:
    Journal; Peer Reviewed Journal
  • Additional Information
    • Address:
      Carelli, Maria G., Department of Psychology, Umea University, SE 901 87, Umea, Sweden, grazia.carelli@psy.umu.se
    • Source:
      J Atten Disord
    • Physical Description:
      7
    • ISSN:
      1087-0547 (Print)
      1557-1246 (Electronic)
    • Keywords:
      time management, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, temporal perspectives, adults, planning
    • Abstract:
      Objective: ADHD is often associated with difficulties in planning and time management. In this study, the authors examined the hypothesis that these functional problems in ADHD reflect systematic biases in temporal orientation. Method: To test this hypothesis, adults with ADHD (n = 30) and healthy controls (n = 60) completed the Swedish version of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (S-ZTPI). Results: Although a majority of the ADHD participants were tested under stimulant medication, they showed significant differences in all the six subscales of the S-ZTPI. Logistic regression analysis, with age, education, depression, and response inhibition as covariates, showed that the Future Positive Scale was the primary predictor of ADHD status. Conclusion: These findings suggest that ADHD is associated with systematic biases in habitual time orientation and that these differences may contribute to functional problems in ADHD. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
      Adult; Attention; Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity; Female; Humans; Inhibition (Psychology); Male; Middle Aged; Neuropsychological Tests; Reaction Time; Time Perception
    • PsycINFO Classification:
      Developmental Disorders & Autism (3250)
    • Population:
      Human
      Male
      Female
      Outpatient
    • Location:
      Sweden
    • Age Group:
      Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
      Young Adulthood (18-29 yrs)
      Thirties (30-39 yrs)
      Middle Age (40-64 yrs)
    • Tests & Measures:
      Stroop Task
      Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory-Swedish Version—Past Negative Subscale
      Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory-Swedish Version—Past Positive Subscale
      Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory-Swedish Version—Present Hedonistic Subscale
      Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory-Swedish Version—Present Fatalistic Subscale
      Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory-Swedish Version—Future Negative Subscale
      Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory-Swedish Version—Future Positive Subscale
      Beck Depression Inventory–II   DOI: 10.1037/t00742-000
    • Grant Sponsorship:
      Sponsor: Swedish Research Council, Sweden
      Grant Number: 220037 100 VR
      Recipients: No recipient indicated
    • Methodology:
      Empirical Study; Interview; Quantitative Study
    • Physical Description:
      Electronic
    • Publication Date:
      20121022
    • Copyright:
      SAGE Publications. 2012
    • Accession Number:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1087054711398861
    • Accession Number:
      21490173
    • Accession Number:
      2012-18210-003
    • Number of Citations in Source:
      31
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      CARELLI, M. G.; WIBERG, B. Time out of mind: Temporal perspective in adults with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, [s. l.], v. 16, n. 6, p. 460–466, 2012. DOI 10.1177/1087054711398861. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2012-18210-003. Acesso em: 24 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Carelli MG, Wiberg B. Time out of mind: Temporal perspective in adults with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders. 2012;16(6):460-466. doi:10.1177/1087054711398861
    • APA:
      Carelli, M. G., & Wiberg, B. (2012). Time out of mind: Temporal perspective in adults with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 16(6), 460–466. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054711398861
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Carelli, Maria G., and Britt Wiberg. 2012. “Time out of Mind: Temporal Perspective in Adults with ADHD.” Journal of Attention Disorders 16 (6): 460–66. doi:10.1177/1087054711398861.
    • Harvard:
      Carelli, M. G. and Wiberg, B. (2012) ‘Time out of mind: Temporal perspective in adults with ADHD’, Journal of Attention Disorders, 16(6), pp. 460–466. doi: 10.1177/1087054711398861.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Carelli, MG & Wiberg, B 2012, ‘Time out of mind: Temporal perspective in adults with ADHD’, Journal of Attention Disorders, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 460–466, viewed 24 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Carelli, Maria G., and Britt Wiberg. “Time out of Mind: Temporal Perspective in Adults with ADHD.” Journal of Attention Disorders, vol. 16, no. 6, Aug. 2012, pp. 460–466. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1177/1087054711398861.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Carelli, Maria G., and Britt Wiberg. “Time out of Mind: Temporal Perspective in Adults with ADHD.” Journal of Attention Disorders 16, no. 6 (August 2012): 460–66. doi:10.1177/1087054711398861.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Carelli MG, Wiberg B. Time out of mind: Temporal perspective in adults with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders [Internet]. 2012 Aug [cited 2020 Nov 24];16(6):460–6. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2012-18210-003