Time crawls when you’re not having fun: Feeling entitled makes dull tasks drag on.

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  • Author(s): O'Brien, Edward H.. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, US, O'Brien, Edward H.. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, US, ; Anastasio, Phyllis A.. Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, PA, US; Bushman, Brad J.. Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, US
  • Source:
    Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol 37(10), Oct, 2011. pp. 1287-1296.
  • Publisher:
    US : Sage Publications
  • Language:
    English
  • Document Type:
    Journal Article
  • Publication Type:
    Journal; Peer Reviewed Journal
  • Additional Information
    • Address:
      O'Brien, Edward H., University of Michigan, Department of Psychology, Institute for Social Research, 426 Thompson Street, Ann Arbor, MI, US, 48106, obrieneh@umich.edu
    • Source:
      Pers Soc Psychol Bull
    • Physical Description:
      10
    • ISSN:
      0146-1672 (Print)
      1552-7433 (Electronic)
    • Keywords:
      time management, trait entitlement, dull tasks, messages, perception, feelings
    • Abstract:
      All people have to complete dull tasks, but individuals who feel entitled may be more inclined to perceive them as a waste of their 'precious' time, resulting in the perception that time drags. This hypothesis was confirmed in three studies. In Study 1, participants with higher trait entitlement (controlling for related variables) thought dull tasks took longer to complete; no link was found for fun tasks. In Study 2, participants exposed to entitled messages thought taking a dull survey was a greater waste of time and took longer to complete. In Study 3, participants subliminally exposed to entitled words thought dull tasks were less interesting, thought they took longer to complete, and walked away faster when leaving the laboratory. Like most resources, time is a resource valued more by entitled individuals. A time–entitlement link provides novel insight into mechanisms underlying self-focus and prosocial dynamics. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
      Attention; Boredom; Data Collection; Emotions; Female; Humans; Male; Self Concept; Task Performance and Analysis; Time Perception
    • PsycINFO Classification:
      Social Psychology (3000)
    • Population:
      Human
      Male
      Female
    • Age Group:
      Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
    • Tests & Measures:
      Time Urgency Scale
      Sense of Power Scale
      Sensation Seeking Scale
      Social Responsibility Scale   DOI: 10.1037/t01148-000
      Psychological Entitlement Scale   DOI: 10.1037/t01334-000
    • Grant Sponsorship:
      Sponsor: National Science Foundation
      Other Details: Graduate Research Fellowship
      Recipients: O'Brien, Edward H.
    • Methodology:
      Empirical Study; Quantitative Study
    • Physical Description:
      Electronic
    • Publication Date:
      Accepted: Mar 21, 2011; First Submitted: Sep 28, 2010
    • Publication Date:
      20111031
    • Publication Date:
      20170213
    • Copyright:
      Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc.. 2011
    • Accession Number:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167211408922
    • Accession Number:
      21566076
    • Accession Number:
      2011-20179-001
    • Number of Citations in Source:
      63
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      O’BRIEN, E. H.; ANASTASIO, P. A.; BUSHMAN, B. J. Time crawls when you’re not having fun: Feeling entitled makes dull tasks drag on. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, [s. l.], v. 37, n. 10, p. 1287–1296, 2011. DOI 10.1177/0146167211408922. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2011-20179-001. Acesso em: 24 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      O’Brien EH, Anastasio PA, Bushman BJ. Time crawls when you’re not having fun: Feeling entitled makes dull tasks drag on. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 2011;37(10):1287-1296. doi:10.1177/0146167211408922
    • APA:
      O’Brien, E. H., Anastasio, P. A., & Bushman, B. J. (2011). Time crawls when you’re not having fun: Feeling entitled makes dull tasks drag on. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37(10), 1287–1296. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167211408922
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      O’Brien, Edward H., Phyllis A. Anastasio, and Brad J. Bushman. 2011. “Time Crawls When You’re Not Having Fun: Feeling Entitled Makes Dull Tasks Drag On.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 37 (10): 1287–96. doi:10.1177/0146167211408922.
    • Harvard:
      O’Brien, E. H., Anastasio, P. A. and Bushman, B. J. (2011) ‘Time crawls when you’re not having fun: Feeling entitled makes dull tasks drag on’, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37(10), pp. 1287–1296. doi: 10.1177/0146167211408922.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      O’Brien, EH, Anastasio, PA & Bushman, BJ 2011, ‘Time crawls when you’re not having fun: Feeling entitled makes dull tasks drag on’, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, vol. 37, no. 10, pp. 1287–1296, viewed 24 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      O’Brien, Edward H., et al. “Time Crawls When You’re Not Having Fun: Feeling Entitled Makes Dull Tasks Drag On.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, vol. 37, no. 10, Oct. 2011, pp. 1287–1296. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1177/0146167211408922.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      O’Brien, Edward H., Phyllis A. Anastasio, and Brad J. Bushman. “Time Crawls When You’re Not Having Fun: Feeling Entitled Makes Dull Tasks Drag On.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 37, no. 10 (October 2011): 1287–96. doi:10.1177/0146167211408922.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      O’Brien EH, Anastasio PA, Bushman BJ. Time crawls when you’re not having fun: Feeling entitled makes dull tasks drag on. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin [Internet]. 2011 Oct [cited 2020 Nov 24];37(10):1287–96. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=psyh&AN=2011-20179-001