Perceptions of HIV/AIDS in One's Community Predict HIV Testing.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Early detection
      HIV
      HIV test
      Los Angeles
      Perceived seriousness
      Propensity score
    • Abstract:
      Using a subsample of respondents to the 2005 Los Angeles County health survey, we examined the relationship between perceptions of the seriousness of HIV/AIDS in one's community and HIV testing. We constructed a propensity score-based matched sample of three groups with differing perceptions of the seriousness of HIV in their community: high perceived seriousness, low perceived seriousness, and uncertain about seriousness. We compared HIV testing behavior in the three groups before and after using propensity score matching to control for selection on observed covariates. The unadjusted comparison showed a testing rate of 30.2 % among those perceiving high seriousness, 11.4 percentage points higher than the 18.8 % testing rate among those perceiving low seriousness. After propensity score matching, the adjusted testing difference was 7.0 percentage points ( p < 0.05). Those uncertain about the seriousness of HIV did not differ significantly in their testing behavior from those perceiving high seriousness. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Resumen: Utilizando una submuestra de los entrevistados de la Encuesta de Salud del Condado de Los Ángeles 2005, se examinó la relación entre su percepción de la gravedad del VIH/SIDA en sus comunidades y el sometimiento a la prueba del VIH. Con base en medidas de propensión coincidente, se generó una muestra de tres grupos con distinta percepción de la gravedad del VIH en sus comunidades: percepción de alta gravedad, percepción de poca gravedad e indecisión sobre la gravedad. Se comparó el comportamiento del sometimiento a la prueba del VIH en los tres grupos, antes y después de utilizar el método de medidas de propensión coincidente PSM (por sus siglas en inglés, propensity score matching), para controlar la selección de las covariables observadas. La comparación no ajustada mostró una tasa de sometimiento a la prueba del 30.2 % entre los que percibían el VIH de alta gravedad, 11.4 puntos porcentuales mayor que la tasa de sometimiento a la prueba del 18.8 % entre los que lo percibían de poca gravedad. Después del PSM, la diferencia ajustada de sometimiento a la prueba fue de 7.0 puntos porcentuales ( p < 0.05). El comportamiento de sometimiento a la prueba entre aquéllos indecisos sobre la gravedad del VIH no difirió significativamente del de los que lo percibían de alta gravedad. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of AIDS & Behavior is the property of Springer Nature and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Department of Health Services, UCLA School of Public Health, 650 Charles E. Young Drive S. 61-253 CHS Los Angeles 90095 USA
      2RAND Corporation, Santa Monica USA
      3Department of Public Health, LA County, Los Angeles USA
      4Department of Education, Hongik University, Seoul South Korea
    • ISSN:
      1090-7165
    • Accession Number:
      10.1007/s10461-012-0243-9
    • Accession Number:
      80374406
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      SHI, L. et al. Perceptions of HIV/AIDS in One’s Community Predict HIV Testing. AIDS & Behavior, [s. l.], v. 16, n. 7, p. 1926–1933, 2012. DOI 10.1007/s10461-012-0243-9. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=i3h&AN=80374406. Acesso em: 29 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Shi L, Kanouse D, Baldwin S, Kim J. Perceptions of HIV/AIDS in One’s Community Predict HIV Testing. AIDS & Behavior. 2012;16(7):1926-1933. doi:10.1007/s10461-012-0243-9
    • APA:
      Shi, L., Kanouse, D., Baldwin, S., & Kim, J. (2012). Perceptions of HIV/AIDS in One’s Community Predict HIV Testing. AIDS & Behavior, 16(7), 1926–1933. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-012-0243-9
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Shi, Lu, David Kanouse, Susie Baldwin, and Junyeop Kim. 2012. “Perceptions of HIV/AIDS in One’s Community Predict HIV Testing.” AIDS & Behavior 16 (7): 1926–33. doi:10.1007/s10461-012-0243-9.
    • Harvard:
      Shi, L. et al. (2012) ‘Perceptions of HIV/AIDS in One’s Community Predict HIV Testing’, AIDS & Behavior, 16(7), pp. 1926–1933. doi: 10.1007/s10461-012-0243-9.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Shi, L, Kanouse, D, Baldwin, S & Kim, J 2012, ‘Perceptions of HIV/AIDS in One’s Community Predict HIV Testing’, AIDS & Behavior, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 1926–1933, viewed 29 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Shi, Lu, et al. “Perceptions of HIV/AIDS in One’s Community Predict HIV Testing.” AIDS & Behavior, vol. 16, no. 7, Oct. 2012, pp. 1926–1933. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s10461-012-0243-9.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Shi, Lu, David Kanouse, Susie Baldwin, and Junyeop Kim. “Perceptions of HIV/AIDS in One’s Community Predict HIV Testing.” AIDS & Behavior 16, no. 7 (October 2012): 1926–33. doi:10.1007/s10461-012-0243-9.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Shi L, Kanouse D, Baldwin S, Kim J. Perceptions of HIV/AIDS in One’s Community Predict HIV Testing. AIDS & Behavior [Internet]. 2012 Oct [cited 2020 Oct 29];16(7):1926–33. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=i3h&AN=80374406