Social Inequality and Death as Illustrated in Late-Medieval Death Dances.

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  • Author(s): Mackenbach, Johan P.
  • Source:
    American Journal of Public Health. Sep95, Vol. 85 Issue 9, p1285-1292. 8p. 10 Black and White Photographs, 3 Charts.
  • Document Type:
    Article
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Late-medieval murals and books of the then-popular "dances of death" usually represented the living according to their social standing. These works of art thus provide an interesting opportunity to study the relationship between social inequality and death as it was perceived by the works' commissioners or executers. The social hierarchy in these dances of death is mostly based on the scheme of the three orders of the feudal society; variations relate to the inclusion of female characters, new occupations, and non-Christian characters. Many dances of death contain severe judgments on high-placed persons and thus seem to be expressions of a desire for greater social equality. However, a more throughout analysis reveals that the equality of all before death that these dances of death proclaimed held nothing for the poor but only threatened the rich. Because of a lack of reliable data, it is not yet completely clear whether during the last Middle Ages all were indeed equally at risk for premature mortality. Available evidence, however, suggests that the clergy and nobility actually had a higher life expectancy than people placed lower in the social hierarchy. Despite modern changes in the perception of, and knowledge about, social inequality and mortality, these dances of death still capture the imagination, and they suggest that the phenomenon of socioeconomic inequalities in mortality could be used more to emphasize contemporary moral messages on social inequality. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of American Journal of Public Health is the property of American Public Health Association and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      0090-0036
    • Accession Number:
      10.2105/AJPH.85.9.1285
    • Accession Number:
      9510013545
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      MACKENBACH, J. P. Social Inequality and Death as Illustrated in Late-Medieval Death Dances. American Journal of Public Health, [s. l.], v. 85, n. 9, p. 1285–1292, 1995. DOI 10.2105/AJPH.85.9.1285. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=9510013545. Acesso em: 2 dez. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Mackenbach JP. Social Inequality and Death as Illustrated in Late-Medieval Death Dances. American Journal of Public Health. 1995;85(9):1285-1292. doi:10.2105/AJPH.85.9.1285
    • APA:
      Mackenbach, J. P. (1995). Social Inequality and Death as Illustrated in Late-Medieval Death Dances. American Journal of Public Health, 85(9), 1285–1292. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.85.9.1285
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Mackenbach, Johan P. 1995. “Social Inequality and Death as Illustrated in Late-Medieval Death Dances.” American Journal of Public Health 85 (9): 1285–92. doi:10.2105/AJPH.85.9.1285.
    • Harvard:
      Mackenbach, J. P. (1995) ‘Social Inequality and Death as Illustrated in Late-Medieval Death Dances’, American Journal of Public Health, 85(9), pp. 1285–1292. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.85.9.1285.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Mackenbach, JP 1995, ‘Social Inequality and Death as Illustrated in Late-Medieval Death Dances’, American Journal of Public Health, vol. 85, no. 9, pp. 1285–1292, viewed 2 December 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Mackenbach, Johan P. “Social Inequality and Death as Illustrated in Late-Medieval Death Dances.” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 85, no. 9, Sept. 1995, pp. 1285–1292. EBSCOhost, doi:10.2105/AJPH.85.9.1285.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Mackenbach, Johan P. “Social Inequality and Death as Illustrated in Late-Medieval Death Dances.” American Journal of Public Health 85, no. 9 (September 1995): 1285–92. doi:10.2105/AJPH.85.9.1285.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Mackenbach JP. Social Inequality and Death as Illustrated in Late-Medieval Death Dances. American Journal of Public Health [Internet]. 1995 Sep [cited 2020 Dec 2];85(9):1285–92. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=9510013545