Guy de Chauliac: pre-eminent surgeon of the Middle Ages.

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  • Author(s): Watters, David A. K.
  • Source:
    ANZ Journal of Surgery. Oct2013, Vol. 83 Issue 10, p730-734. 6p.
  • Document Type:
    Article
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Black Death
      history of medicine
      Middle Ages
      professionalism
      surgical history
    • Abstract:
      Guy de Chauliac (c1300-1368) trained in Toulouse and the University of Montpellier from where he achieved the highest possible degree of Master of medicine. He undertook fellowships in Bologna (anatomical dissection) and Paris (surgery) and was qualified as a physician not a Barber Surgeon. He took Holy Orders and was appointed as physician to three Avignon-based Popes. He survived an epidemic of the Black Death (1348-1350), suffering an axillary bubo. His book C hirugia M agna was written in medieval Latin in 1363, then circulated in manuscript form before its first printing in 1478. There were 70 editions as it became the most influential surgical text for over 200 years, particularly in France, spanning the period from the late 14th century until Paré (1510-1590). He divided surgery into swellings, wounds, ulcers, fractures and dislocations, and special diseases. Well researched and referenced, based on evidence and experience, he succeeded in incorporating antiquarian and contemporary thinking from French, Arabian, Italian ( Bologna), Egyptian and Greek scholars about anatomy, surgical disease and treatment. He was a strong advocate for evaluating outcomes, knowing when not to operate, professionalism and the non-technical competencies. His framework of professionalism was based on four domains: being learned, expert, ingenious and adaptable. The surgical aspirants and leaders of the following two centuries recognized the academic, professional and practical value of his teaching through their reference to and use of Chirugia Magna. The Cowlishaw collection in the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons' library contains four French copies, under the title L a G rande C hirugie. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of ANZ Journal of Surgery is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      1445-1433
    • Accession Number:
      10.1111/ans.12349
    • Accession Number:
      90576812
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      WATTERS, D. A. K. Guy de Chauliac: pre-eminent surgeon of the Middle Ages. ANZ Journal of Surgery, [s. l.], v. 83, n. 10, p. 730–734, 2013. DOI 10.1111/ans.12349. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=90576812. Acesso em: 28 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Watters DAK. Guy de Chauliac: pre-eminent surgeon of the Middle Ages. ANZ Journal of Surgery. 2013;83(10):730-734. doi:10.1111/ans.12349
    • APA:
      Watters, D. A. K. (2013). Guy de Chauliac: pre-eminent surgeon of the Middle Ages. ANZ Journal of Surgery, 83(10), 730–734. https://doi.org/10.1111/ans.12349
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Watters, David A. K. 2013. “Guy de Chauliac: Pre-Eminent Surgeon of the Middle Ages.” ANZ Journal of Surgery 83 (10): 730–34. doi:10.1111/ans.12349.
    • Harvard:
      Watters, D. A. K. (2013) ‘Guy de Chauliac: pre-eminent surgeon of the Middle Ages’, ANZ Journal of Surgery, 83(10), pp. 730–734. doi: 10.1111/ans.12349.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Watters, DAK 2013, ‘Guy de Chauliac: pre-eminent surgeon of the Middle Ages’, ANZ Journal of Surgery, vol. 83, no. 10, pp. 730–734, viewed 28 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Watters, David A. K. “Guy de Chauliac: Pre-Eminent Surgeon of the Middle Ages.” ANZ Journal of Surgery, vol. 83, no. 10, Oct. 2013, pp. 730–734. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/ans.12349.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Watters, David A. K. “Guy de Chauliac: Pre-Eminent Surgeon of the Middle Ages.” ANZ Journal of Surgery 83, no. 10 (October 2013): 730–34. doi:10.1111/ans.12349.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Watters DAK. Guy de Chauliac: pre-eminent surgeon of the Middle Ages. ANZ Journal of Surgery [Internet]. 2013 Oct [cited 2020 Nov 28];83(10):730–4. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=90576812