“Torture at Yale”: Experimental subjects, laboratory torment and the “rehabilitation” of Milgram’s “Obedience to Authority”.

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  • Author(s): Nicholson, Ian
  • Source:
    Theory & Psychology. Dec2011, Vol. 21 Issue 6, p737-761. 25p.
  • Document Type:
    Article
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      history of psychology
      Obedience to authority
      research ethics
      social psychology
      Stanley Milgram
    • Abstract:
      Stanley Milgram’s experiments on “Obedience to Authority” are among the most criticized in all of psychology. However, over the past 20 years, there has been a gradual rehabilitation of Milgram’s work and reputation, a reconsideration that is in turn closely linked to a contemporary “revival” of his Obedience experiments. This paper provides a critical counterpoint to this “Milgram revival” by drawing on archival material from participants in the Obedience study and Milgram himself. This material indicates that Milgram misrepresented (a) the extent of his debriefing procedures, (b) the risk posed by the experiment, and (c) the harm done to his participants. The archival record also indicates that Milgram had doubts about the scientific value of the experiment, thereby compromising his principal ethical justification for employing such extreme methods. The article ends with a consideration of the implications of these historical revelations for contemporary efforts to revive the Milgram paradigm. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
    • Abstract:
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    • Full Text Word Count:
      1471
    • ISSN:
      0959-3543
    • Accession Number:
      10.1177/0959354311420199
    • Accession Number:
      67672861
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      NICHOLSON, I. “Torture at Yale”: Experimental subjects, laboratory torment and the “rehabilitation” of Milgram’s “Obedience to Authority”. Theory & Psychology, [s. l.], v. 21, n. 6, p. 737–761, 2011. DOI 10.1177/0959354311420199. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=67672861. Acesso em: 28 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Nicholson I. “Torture at Yale”: Experimental subjects, laboratory torment and the “rehabilitation” of Milgram’s “Obedience to Authority.” Theory & Psychology. 2011;21(6):737-761. doi:10.1177/0959354311420199
    • APA:
      Nicholson, I. (2011). “Torture at Yale”: Experimental subjects, laboratory torment and the “rehabilitation” of Milgram’s “Obedience to Authority.” Theory & Psychology, 21(6), 737–761. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959354311420199
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Nicholson, Ian. 2011. “‘Torture at Yale’: Experimental Subjects, Laboratory Torment and the ‘Rehabilitation’ of Milgram’s ‘Obedience to Authority.’” Theory & Psychology 21 (6): 737–61. doi:10.1177/0959354311420199.
    • Harvard:
      Nicholson, I. (2011) ‘“Torture at Yale”: Experimental subjects, laboratory torment and the “rehabilitation” of Milgram’s “Obedience to Authority”’, Theory & Psychology, 21(6), pp. 737–761. doi: 10.1177/0959354311420199.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Nicholson, I 2011, ‘“Torture at Yale”: Experimental subjects, laboratory torment and the “rehabilitation” of Milgram’s “Obedience to Authority”’, Theory & Psychology, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 737–761, viewed 28 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Nicholson, Ian. “‘Torture at Yale’: Experimental Subjects, Laboratory Torment and the ‘Rehabilitation’ of Milgram’s ‘Obedience to Authority.’” Theory & Psychology, vol. 21, no. 6, Dec. 2011, pp. 737–761. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1177/0959354311420199.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Nicholson, Ian. “‘Torture at Yale’: Experimental Subjects, Laboratory Torment and the ‘Rehabilitation’ of Milgram’s ‘Obedience to Authority.’” Theory & Psychology 21, no. 6 (December 2011): 737–61. doi:10.1177/0959354311420199.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Nicholson I. “Torture at Yale”: Experimental subjects, laboratory torment and the “rehabilitation” of Milgram’s “Obedience to Authority.” Theory & Psychology [Internet]. 2011 Dec [cited 2020 Nov 28];21(6):737–61. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=67672861