Validity of dietary patterns derived in nutrition surveys using a priori and a posteriori multivariate statistical methods.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Aim: To evaluate the validity of dietary patterns derived using both a priori and a posteriori methods. Method: Five hundred individuals (46 ± 16 years, 40% males) completed a valid 76-food item food frequency questionnaire and a 3-day dairy. The MedDietScore was used to a priori assess the adherence to the Mediterranean diet, while principal components and cluster analysis were used as the a posteriori methods. Results: Both the a priori and a posteriori methods used led to relatively low-validity dietary patterns. However, the level of validity reached significance in many cases and, also, varied by the type of validation method used (i.e. Bland and Altman, non-parametric criteria, etc.). Conclusion: The aforementioned findings may suggest that the use of both a priori and a posteriori pattern analysis in nutrition surveys should be made with conscious thought and further research is needed in order to establish robust methodologies to assess the validity of patterns. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of International Journal of Food Sciences & Nutrition is the property of Taylor & Francis Ltd and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)