Building Kinship and Community: Relational Processes of Bicultural Identity Among Adult Multiracial Adoptees.

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    • Abstract:
      To read this article's abstract in both Spanish and Mandarin Chinese, please visit the article's full-text page on Wiley InterScience ( ). This study uses the case of transracially adopted multiracial adults to highlight an alternative family context and thus process of African American enculturation. Interpretive analyses of interviews with 25 adult multiracial adoptees produced 4 patterns in their bicultural identity formation: (1) claiming whiteness culturally but not racially, (2) learning to “be Black”—peers as agents of enculturation, (3) biological pathways to authentic Black kinship, and (4) bicultural kinship beyond Black and White. Conceptualizing race as an ascribed extended kinship network and using notions of “groundedness” from bicultural identity literature, the relational aspects of participants' identity development are highlighted. Culturally relevant concepts of bicultural identity are proposed for practice with multiracial adoptees who have multiple cultures of origin and for whom White mainstream culture is transmitted intrafamilially as a first culture. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      RESUMEN En este estudio se utiliza el caso de personas multirraciales adoptadas interracialmente para destacar un contexto familiar alternativo y, por consiguiente, un proceso de endoculturación afronorteamericana. Los análisis interpretativos de entrevistas con 25 adultos multirraciales adoptados presentaron cuatro patrones en su formación de identidad bicultural: (1) declararse blancos culturalmente pero no racialmente, (2) aprender a “ser negros” (pares como agentes de endoculturación), (3) búsqueda biológica del parentesco negro auténtico, y (4) parentesco bicultural más allá de la raza negra y blanca. Se destacan los aspectos relacionales del desarrollo de la identidad de los participantes mediante la conceptualización de la raza como una red extendida de parentescos atribuidos y la utilización de nociones de “groundedness” (“sentirse conectado”) tomadas de la literatura de identidad bicultural. Se proponen conceptos de identidad bicultural relevantes culturalmente para poner en práctica con personas multirraciales adoptadas que tienen varias culturas de origen, y para quienes la cultura blanca dominante se transmite intrafamiliarmente como primera cultura. Palabras clave: Adopción interracial; socialización bicultural; persona multirracial; identidad; “sentirse conectado” culturalmente; endoculturación [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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