Recent Warming Reverses Long-Term Arctic Cooling.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      The temperature history of the first millennium C.E. is sparsely documented, especially in the Arctic. We present a synthesis of decadally resolved proxy temperature records from poleward of 60°N covering the past 2000 years, which indicates that a pervasive cooling in progress 2000 years ago continued through the Middle Ages and into the Little Ice Age. A 2000-year transient climate simulation with the Community Climate System Model shows the same temperature sensitivity to changes in insolation as does our proxy reconstruction, supporting the inference that this long-term trend was caused by the steady orbitally driven reduction in summer insolation. The cooling trend was reversed during the 20th century, with four of the five warmest decades of our 2000-year-long reconstruction occurring between 1950 and 2000. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Science is the property of American Association for the Advancement of Science and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      0036-8075
    • Accession Number:
      44234463
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      KAUFMAN, D. S. et al. Recent Warming Reverses Long-Term Arctic Cooling. Science, [s. l.], v. 325, n. 5945, p. 1236–1239, 2009. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=44234463. Acesso em: 24 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Kaufman DS, Schneider DP, McKay NP, et al. Recent Warming Reverses Long-Term Arctic Cooling. Science. 2009;325(5945):1236-1239. Accessed November 24, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=44234463
    • APA:
      Kaufman, D. S., Schneider, D. P., McKay, N. P., Ammann, C. M. A., Bradley, R. S., Briffa, K. R., Miller, G. H., Otto-Bliesner, B. L., Overpeck, J. T., & Vinther, B. M. (2009). Recent Warming Reverses Long-Term Arctic Cooling. Science, 325(5945), 1236–1239.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Kaufman, Darrell S., David P. Schneider, Nicholas P. McKay, Caspar M. A Ammann, Raymond S. Bradley, Keith R. Briffa, Gifford H. Miller, Bette L. Otto-Bliesner, Jonathan T. Overpeck, and Bo M. Vinther. 2009. “Recent Warming Reverses Long-Term Arctic Cooling.” Science 325 (5945): 1236–39. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=44234463.
    • Harvard:
      Kaufman, D. S. et al. (2009) ‘Recent Warming Reverses Long-Term Arctic Cooling’, Science, 325(5945), pp. 1236–1239. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=44234463 (Accessed: 24 November 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Kaufman, DS, Schneider, DP, McKay, NP, Ammann, CMA, Bradley, RS, Briffa, KR, Miller, GH, Otto-Bliesner, BL, Overpeck, JT & Vinther, BM 2009, ‘Recent Warming Reverses Long-Term Arctic Cooling’, Science, vol. 325, no. 5945, pp. 1236–1239, viewed 24 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Kaufman, Darrell S., et al. “Recent Warming Reverses Long-Term Arctic Cooling.” Science, vol. 325, no. 5945, Sept. 2009, pp. 1236–1239. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=44234463.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Kaufman, Darrell S., David P. Schneider, Nicholas P. McKay, Caspar M. A Ammann, Raymond S. Bradley, Keith R. Briffa, Gifford H. Miller, Bette L. Otto-Bliesner, Jonathan T. Overpeck, and Bo M. Vinther. “Recent Warming Reverses Long-Term Arctic Cooling.” Science 325, no. 5945 (September 4, 2009): 1236–39. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=44234463.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Kaufman DS, Schneider DP, McKay NP, Ammann CMA, Bradley RS, Briffa KR, et al. Recent Warming Reverses Long-Term Arctic Cooling. Science [Internet]. 2009 Sep 4 [cited 2020 Nov 24];325(5945):1236–9. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=44234463