Is free will an illusion?

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  • Author(s): Heisenberg, Martin
  • Source:
    Nature. 5/14/2009, Vol. 459 Issue 7244, p164-165. 2p. 2 Color Photographs.
  • Additional Information
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    • Abstract:
      This essay discusses the ways in which scientists and philosophers are using discoveries in neuroscience to examine the concept of free will and urges that animal behaviour is a better indicator of the phenomenon. The author cites unicellular organisms such as Escherichia coli as indicators of the existence of free will, noting how they use flagella to move. The duality of randomness and fixed nature is displayed by referencing the philosophical text “Critique of Pure Reason.”