Propensity Score Matching of Children in Kinship and Nonkinship Foster Care: Do Permanency Outcomes Still Differ?

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  • Author(s): Koh, Eun; Testa, Mark F.
  • Source:
    Social Work Research. Jun2008, Vol. 32 Issue 2, p105-116. 12p.
  • Document Type:
    Article
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      This study compares the permanency outcomes of children in kinship foster care with a matched sample of children in nonkinship foster care in Illinois. It addresses the issue of selection bias by using propensity score matching (PSM) to balance mean differences in the characteristics of children in kinship and nonkinship foster homes. The data come from the March 1998 to September 2007 six-month files submitted by the state of Illinois to the federal Adoption and Foster Care Analysis Reporting Systems (AFCARS).A longitudinal sample of linked records for 21,914 kin children and 10,108 non-kin children was created, and a random subsample of 1,500 children in nonkinship care was matched to the kinship sample by using PSM. The permanency outcomes and placement stability of children in kin and non-kin foster care in the matched sample of 3,000 are compared with both cross-tabular and survival analysis. Prior to matching, differences in reunification rates, combined adoption and guardianship rates, and placement stability are all significant. After matching, the differences in permanency rates disappear. Children in nonkinship foster homes still show a higher risk for initial placement disruption after matching, but there is no difference in rates of instability within a year compared with children in kinship foster homes. Implications for policy and practice are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Social Work Research is the property of Oxford University Press / USA and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      1070-5309
    • Accession Number:
      10.1093/swr/32.2.105
    • Accession Number:
      33163318
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      KOH, E.; TESTA, M. F. Propensity Score Matching of Children in Kinship and Nonkinship Foster Care: Do Permanency Outcomes Still Differ? Social Work Research, [s. l.], v. 32, n. 2, p. 105–116, 2008. DOI 10.1093/swr/32.2.105. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=33163318. Acesso em: 25 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Koh E, Testa MF. Propensity Score Matching of Children in Kinship and Nonkinship Foster Care: Do Permanency Outcomes Still Differ? Social Work Research. 2008;32(2):105-116. doi:10.1093/swr/32.2.105
    • APA:
      Koh, E., & Testa, M. F. (2008). Propensity Score Matching of Children in Kinship and Nonkinship Foster Care: Do Permanency Outcomes Still Differ? Social Work Research, 32(2), 105–116. https://doi.org/10.1093/swr/32.2.105
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Koh, Eun, and Mark F. Testa. 2008. “Propensity Score Matching of Children in Kinship and Nonkinship Foster Care: Do Permanency Outcomes Still Differ?” Social Work Research 32 (2): 105–16. doi:10.1093/swr/32.2.105.
    • Harvard:
      Koh, E. and Testa, M. F. (2008) ‘Propensity Score Matching of Children in Kinship and Nonkinship Foster Care: Do Permanency Outcomes Still Differ?’, Social Work Research, 32(2), pp. 105–116. doi: 10.1093/swr/32.2.105.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Koh, E & Testa, MF 2008, ‘Propensity Score Matching of Children in Kinship and Nonkinship Foster Care: Do Permanency Outcomes Still Differ?’, Social Work Research, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 105–116, viewed 25 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Koh, Eun, and Mark F. Testa. “Propensity Score Matching of Children in Kinship and Nonkinship Foster Care: Do Permanency Outcomes Still Differ?” Social Work Research, vol. 32, no. 2, June 2008, pp. 105–116. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1093/swr/32.2.105.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Koh, Eun, and Mark F. Testa. “Propensity Score Matching of Children in Kinship and Nonkinship Foster Care: Do Permanency Outcomes Still Differ?” Social Work Research 32, no. 2 (June 2008): 105–16. doi:10.1093/swr/32.2.105.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Koh E, Testa MF. Propensity Score Matching of Children in Kinship and Nonkinship Foster Care: Do Permanency Outcomes Still Differ? Social Work Research [Internet]. 2008 Jun [cited 2020 Nov 25];32(2):105–16. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=33163318