Cognitive and functional outcomes of terror victims who suffered from traumatic brain injury.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      brain
      injury
      outcomes
      rehabilitation
      terrorism
      Traumatic
    • Abstract:
      Primary objective: To describe the outcomes of terror victims suffered from traumatic brain injury (TBI). Research design: Retrospective chart review of 17 terror and 39 non-terror TBI patients treated in a rehabilitation department during the same period. Methods and procedure: Variables include demographic data, Injury Severity Scale (ISS), length of stay (LOS) and imaging results. ADL was measured using the Functional Independence Measurement (FIM), cognitive and memory functions were measured using the Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment (LOTCA) battery and the Rivermead Battery Memory Test (RBMT), respectively. Main outcome and results: Terror TBI patients were significantly younger, had higher ISS score and higher rates of intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH), brain surgery and penetrating brain injuries than the non-terror TBI group. There was no difference in mean LOS, mean FIM values, mean FIM gain and mean cognitive and memory improvement between groups. Terror victims suffered from a higher percentage of post-traumatic epilepsy (35% vs. 10%, p = 0.05), whereas the rate of PTSD and the rate of return to previous occupation were similar between groups. Conclusions: Although TBI terror victims had more severe injury, they gained most of ADL functions and their rehabilitation outcomes were similar to non-terror TBI patients. These favourable results were achieved due to a comprehensive interdisciplinary approach to terror victims and also by national support which allowed an adequate period of treatment and sufficient resources as needed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • ISSN:
      0269-9052
    • Accession Number:
      10.1080/02699050801941763
    • Accession Number:
      30049835
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      SCHWARTZ, I. et al. Cognitive and functional outcomes of terror victims who suffered from traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury, [s. l.], v. 22, n. 3, p. 255–263, 2008. DOI 10.1080/02699050801941763. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=30049835. Acesso em: 4 dez. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Schwartz I, Tuchner M, Tsenter J, et al. Cognitive and functional outcomes of terror victims who suffered from traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury. 2008;22(3):255-263. doi:10.1080/02699050801941763
    • APA:
      Schwartz, I., Tuchner, M., Tsenter, J., Shochina, M., Shoshan, Y., Katz-Leurer, M., & Meiner, Z. (2008). Cognitive and functional outcomes of terror victims who suffered from traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury, 22(3), 255–263. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699050801941763
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Schwartz, Isabella, Maya Tuchner, Jeanna Tsenter, Mara Shochina, Yigal Shoshan, Michal Katz-Leurer, and Zeev Meiner. 2008. “Cognitive and Functional Outcomes of Terror Victims Who Suffered from Traumatic Brain Injury.” Brain Injury 22 (3): 255–63. doi:10.1080/02699050801941763.
    • Harvard:
      Schwartz, I. et al. (2008) ‘Cognitive and functional outcomes of terror victims who suffered from traumatic brain injury’, Brain Injury, 22(3), pp. 255–263. doi: 10.1080/02699050801941763.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Schwartz, I, Tuchner, M, Tsenter, J, Shochina, M, Shoshan, Y, Katz-Leurer, M & Meiner, Z 2008, ‘Cognitive and functional outcomes of terror victims who suffered from traumatic brain injury’, Brain Injury, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 255–263, viewed 4 December 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Schwartz, Isabella, et al. “Cognitive and Functional Outcomes of Terror Victims Who Suffered from Traumatic Brain Injury.” Brain Injury, vol. 22, no. 3, Mar. 2008, pp. 255–263. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/02699050801941763.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Schwartz, Isabella, Maya Tuchner, Jeanna Tsenter, Mara Shochina, Yigal Shoshan, Michal Katz-Leurer, and Zeev Meiner. “Cognitive and Functional Outcomes of Terror Victims Who Suffered from Traumatic Brain Injury.” Brain Injury 22, no. 3 (March 2008): 255–63. doi:10.1080/02699050801941763.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Schwartz I, Tuchner M, Tsenter J, Shochina M, Shoshan Y, Katz-Leurer M, et al. Cognitive and functional outcomes of terror victims who suffered from traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury [Internet]. 2008 Mar [cited 2020 Dec 4];22(3):255–63. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=30049835