FROM FAMILY DUTY TO FAMILY POLICY: THE EVOLUTION OF KINSHIP CARE.

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    • Abstract:
      The article presents information on kinship care in the U.S. Several elements including the rise of single-parent families due to divorce, single mothers keeping their babies, and others had contributed to the development of kinship care. Federal child welfare policies had encouraged fostering of children by relatives to reduce the huge number of children in institutions in the 1970s. Voluntary fostering of children in the homes of relatives or friends is a tradition in Africa and some parts of medieval Europe. The U.S. government was slow to involve itself in child placement matters, even after the establishment of the Children's Bureau.