The truth-telling issue and changes in lifestyle in patients with cancer.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Objective: To compare the attitudes of patients with cancer toward making changes in lifestyle, according to their awareness of the diagnosis. Method: Personal interviews with 50 patients with breast cancer, 24 patients with prostate cancer and 50 patients with colorectal cancer were conducted in a cancer hospital in Athens, Greece. Analysis: Multiple logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio as a measure of the association of the characteristics of participants with changes in lifestyle. Results: Overall, 22.6% of the patients were not aware of the diagnosis. Among the changes in lifestyle, 41.1% reported changing their diet to a healthier one, 22.6% of the smokers reduced or slopped smoking and 13.7% added new physical activity. Compared with uninformed patients, those who were aware of the diagnosis, after adjusting far the confounding effect of educational status (an index of socioeconomic status), were 2.5 times as likely to make dietary changes (p<0.1). Among the other characteristics under study, older patients were less likely to add new physical activity than younger ones (p<0.01), and newly diagnosed patients were more likely to stop or reduce smoking (p<0.1) than patients with a diagnosis made more than 12 months previously. Conclusion: Patients with cancer are motivated to attempt changes in lifestyle and can benefit from more factual information about the diagnosis. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Journal of Medical Ethics is the property of BMJ Publishing Group and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      0306-6800
    • Accession Number:
      10.1136/jme.2005.015487
    • Accession Number:
      23597830
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      KOSTOPOULOU, V.; KATSOUYANNI, K. The truth-telling issue and changes in lifestyle in patients with cancer. Journal of Medical Ethics, [s. l.], v. 32, n. 12, p. 693–697, 2006. DOI 10.1136/jme.2005.015487. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=23597830. Acesso em: 4 dez. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Kostopoulou V, Katsouyanni K. The truth-telling issue and changes in lifestyle in patients with cancer. Journal of Medical Ethics. 2006;32(12):693-697. doi:10.1136/jme.2005.015487
    • APA:
      Kostopoulou, V., & Katsouyanni, K. (2006). The truth-telling issue and changes in lifestyle in patients with cancer. Journal of Medical Ethics, 32(12), 693–697. https://doi.org/10.1136/jme.2005.015487
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Kostopoulou, V., and K. Katsouyanni. 2006. “The Truth-Telling Issue and Changes in Lifestyle in Patients with Cancer.” Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (12): 693–97. doi:10.1136/jme.2005.015487.
    • Harvard:
      Kostopoulou, V. and Katsouyanni, K. (2006) ‘The truth-telling issue and changes in lifestyle in patients with cancer’, Journal of Medical Ethics, 32(12), pp. 693–697. doi: 10.1136/jme.2005.015487.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Kostopoulou, V & Katsouyanni, K 2006, ‘The truth-telling issue and changes in lifestyle in patients with cancer’, Journal of Medical Ethics, vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 693–697, viewed 4 December 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Kostopoulou, V., and K. Katsouyanni. “The Truth-Telling Issue and Changes in Lifestyle in Patients with Cancer.” Journal of Medical Ethics, vol. 32, no. 12, Dec. 2006, pp. 693–697. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1136/jme.2005.015487.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Kostopoulou, V., and K. Katsouyanni. “The Truth-Telling Issue and Changes in Lifestyle in Patients with Cancer.” Journal of Medical Ethics 32, no. 12 (December 2006): 693–97. doi:10.1136/jme.2005.015487.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Kostopoulou V, Katsouyanni K. The truth-telling issue and changes in lifestyle in patients with cancer. Journal of Medical Ethics [Internet]. 2006 Dec [cited 2020 Dec 4];32(12):693–7. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=23597830