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  • Author(s): Turner, Bryan S.
  • Source:
    Theory, Culture & Society. Mar-May2006, Vol. 23 Issue 2/3, p183-186. 4p.
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      There are broadly five interconnected meanings of the noun ‘discipline’. Disciplina were instructions to disciples, and hence a branch of instruction or department of knowledge. This religious context provided the modern educational notion of a ‘body of knowledge’, or a discipline such as sociology or economics. We can define discipline as a body of knowledge and knowledge for the body, because the training of the mind has inevitably involved a training of the body. Second, it signified a method of training or instruction in a body of knowledge. Discipline had an important military connection involving drill, practice in the use of weapons. Third, there is an ecclesiastical meaning referring to a system of rules by which order is maintained in a church. It included the use of penal methods to achieve obedience. To discipline is to chastise. Fourth, to discipline is to bring about obedience through various forms of punishment; it is a means of correction. Finally there is a rare use of the term to describe a medical regimen in which ‘doctor's orders’ brings about a discipline of the patient. In contemporary society, there is, following the work of Michel Foucault, the notion of increasing personal regulation resulting in a ‘disciplinary society’ or a society based upon carceral institutions. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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