Unsafe driving behaviour and four wheel drive vehicles: observational study.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Objective To assess the level of compliance with the new law in the United Kingdom mandating penalties for using a hand held mobile phone while driving, to compare compliance with this law with the one on the use of seat belts, and to compare compliance with these laws between drivers of four wheel drive vehicles and drivers of normal cars. Design Observational study with two phases–one within the "grace" period, the other starting one week after penalties were imposed on drivers using such telephones. Setting Three busy sites in London. Participants Drivers of 38 182 normal cars and 2944 four wheel drive vehicles. Main outcome measures Proportions of drivers seen to be using hand held mobile phones and not using seat belts. Results Drivers of four wheel drive vehicles were more likely than drivers of other cars to be seen using hand held mobile phones (8.2% v 2.0%) and not complying with the law on seat belts (19.5% v 15.0%). Levels of non-compliance with both laws were slightly higher in the penalty phase of observation, and breaking one law was associated with increased likelihood of breaking the other. Conclusions The level of non-compliance with the law on the use of hand held mobile phones by drivers in London is high, as is non-compliance with the law on seat belts. Drivers of four wheel drive vehicles were four times more likely than drivers of other cars to be seen using hand held mobile phones and slightly more likely not to comply with the law on seat belts. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition) is the property of BMJ Publishing Group and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      0959-8146
    • Accession Number:
      10.1136/bmj.38848.627731.2F
    • Accession Number:
      21506643
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      WALKER, L.; WILLIAMS, J.; JAMROZIK, K. Unsafe driving behaviour and four wheel drive vehicles: observational study. BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition), [s. l.], v. 333, n. 7558, p. 71–73, 2006. DOI 10.1136/bmj.38848.627731.2F. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=21506643. Acesso em: 4 dez. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Walker L, Williams J, Jamrozik K. Unsafe driving behaviour and four wheel drive vehicles: observational study. BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition). 2006;333(7558):71-73. doi:10.1136/bmj.38848.627731.2F
    • APA:
      Walker, L., Williams, J., & Jamrozik, K. (2006). Unsafe driving behaviour and four wheel drive vehicles: observational study. BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition), 333(7558), 71–73. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.38848.627731.2F
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Walker, Lesley, Jonathan Williams, and Konrad Jamrozik. 2006. “Unsafe Driving Behaviour and Four Wheel Drive Vehicles: Observational Study.” BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition) 333 (7558): 71–73. doi:10.1136/bmj.38848.627731.2F.
    • Harvard:
      Walker, L., Williams, J. and Jamrozik, K. (2006) ‘Unsafe driving behaviour and four wheel drive vehicles: observational study’, BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition), 333(7558), pp. 71–73. doi: 10.1136/bmj.38848.627731.2F.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Walker, L, Williams, J & Jamrozik, K 2006, ‘Unsafe driving behaviour and four wheel drive vehicles: observational study’, BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition), vol. 333, no. 7558, pp. 71–73, viewed 4 December 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Walker, Lesley, et al. “Unsafe Driving Behaviour and Four Wheel Drive Vehicles: Observational Study.” BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition), vol. 333, no. 7558, July 2006, pp. 71–73. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1136/bmj.38848.627731.2F.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Walker, Lesley, Jonathan Williams, and Konrad Jamrozik. “Unsafe Driving Behaviour and Four Wheel Drive Vehicles: Observational Study.” BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition) 333, no. 7558 (July 8, 2006): 71–73. doi:10.1136/bmj.38848.627731.2F.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Walker L, Williams J, Jamrozik K. Unsafe driving behaviour and four wheel drive vehicles: observational study. BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition) [Internet]. 2006 Jul 8 [cited 2020 Dec 4];333(7558):71–3. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=21506643