Diagnosis: the doctor and the urine glass.

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  • Author(s): Wittern-Sterzel, Renate
  • Source:
    Lancet. Dec1999 Supplement 4, Vol. 354, pSIV13-SIV13. 1p. 1 Black and White Photograph.
  • Document Type:
    Article
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      This article focuses on the history of the analysis of urine for diagnostic purposes. The inspection of urine had already been used for diagnostic purposes in archaic advanced cultures and also served as important means for disease recognition in the occidental antiquity. It was only in the Middle Ages that inspection of urine progressed to become the only commonly used diagnostic method. The matula, the transparent bulbous urine glass, became the symbol of doctor's status and recognition. Diagnostic means in the Middle Ages focused increasingly on the examination of urine. Several short lists describe the findings and interpretation of urine inspection since the early Middle Ages. Four criteria were applied in the evaluation of urine: the color, consistency, odour, and the non-soluble constituents of urine. The physician used the urine to make his diagnosis in the presence of the person who had delivered the urine, and who must have waited with a mixture of curiosity, sympathy, reverence, trust, and fear.
    • Full Text Word Count:
      879
    • ISSN:
      0099-5355
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/S0140-6736(99)90356-2
    • Accession Number:
      20444762
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      WITTERN-STERZEL, R. Diagnosis: the doctor and the urine glass. Lancet, [s. l.], v. 354, p. SIV13, 1999. DOI 10.1016/S0140-6736(99)90356-2. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=20444762. Acesso em: 1 dez. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Wittern-Sterzel R. Diagnosis: the doctor and the urine glass. Lancet. 1999;354:SIV13. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(99)90356-2
    • APA:
      Wittern-Sterzel, R. (1999). Diagnosis: the doctor and the urine glass. Lancet, 354, SIV13. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(99)90356-2
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Wittern-Sterzel, Renate. 1999. “Diagnosis: The Doctor and the Urine Glass.” Lancet 354 (December): SIV13. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(99)90356-2.
    • Harvard:
      Wittern-Sterzel, R. (1999) ‘Diagnosis: the doctor and the urine glass’, Lancet, 354, p. SIV13. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(99)90356-2.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Wittern-Sterzel, R 1999, ‘Diagnosis: the doctor and the urine glass’, Lancet, vol. 354, p. SIV13, viewed 1 December 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Wittern-Sterzel, Renate. “Diagnosis: The Doctor and the Urine Glass.” Lancet, vol. 354, Dec. 1999, p. SIV13. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(99)90356-2.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Wittern-Sterzel, Renate. “Diagnosis: The Doctor and the Urine Glass.” Lancet 354 (December 1999): SIV13. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(99)90356-2.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Wittern-Sterzel R. Diagnosis: the doctor and the urine glass. Lancet [Internet]. 1999 Dec [cited 2020 Dec 1];354:SIV13. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=20444762