Mass Gathering Preparedness: The Experience of the Athens 2004 Olympic and Para-Olympic Games.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Planning for environmental health management of the Athens 2004 Olympic Games included assessment of the capacity and deficiencies of relevant public health agencies in Athens and the other four Olympic cities with 17 detailed questionnaires. Different estimates of the expected number of visitors were made on the basis of experience from previous Olympic Games. Potential public health risks were identified and prioritized. A number of deficiencies in personnel, resources, training, and coordination were identified in most agencies. One hundred and ninety-six environmental health inspectors were expected to work during the Olympic period. Around 18,000 athletes and escorts from 201 countries were expected to participate in the Olympic Games and 7,000 to participate in the Para-Olympic Games. Three different scenarios regarding the number of expected visitors were explored; the most probable estimate being 1,950,000 visitors. Foodborne diseases, waterborne diseases, and heat-related illnesses were considered of high priority during the Olympic period, as were traffic accidents. The Olympic Games are a difficult assignment that demands extensive planning, appropriate resources, and timely reporting and coordination among the various public health agencies. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Journal of Environmental Health is the property of National Environmental Health Association and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Full Text Word Count:
      4113
    • ISSN:
      0022-0892
    • Accession Number:
      16919813
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      HADJICHRISTODOULOU, C. et al. Mass Gathering Preparedness: The Experience of the Athens 2004 Olympic and Para-Olympic Games. Journal of Environmental Health, [s. l.], v. 67, n. 9, p. 52–57, 2005. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=16919813. Acesso em: 31 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Hadjichristodoulou C, Mouchtouri V, Soteriades ES, et al. Mass Gathering Preparedness: The Experience of the Athens 2004 Olympic and Para-Olympic Games. Journal of Environmental Health. 2005;67(9):52-57. Accessed October 31, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=16919813
    • APA:
      Hadjichristodoulou, C., Mouchtouri, V., Soteriades, E. S., Vaitsi, V., Kolonia, V., Vasilogiannacopoulos, A. P., & Kremastinou, J. (2005). Mass Gathering Preparedness: The Experience of the Athens 2004 Olympic and Para-Olympic Games. Journal of Environmental Health, 67(9), 52–57.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Hadjichristodoulou, Christos, Varvara Mouchtouri, Elpidoforos S. Soteriades, Vasiliki Vaitsi, Virginia Kolonia, Antonios P. Vasilogiannacopoulos, and Jeni Kremastinou. 2005. “Mass Gathering Preparedness: The Experience of the Athens 2004 Olympic and Para-Olympic Games.” Journal of Environmental Health 67 (9): 52–57. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=16919813.
    • Harvard:
      Hadjichristodoulou, C. et al. (2005) ‘Mass Gathering Preparedness: The Experience of the Athens 2004 Olympic and Para-Olympic Games’, Journal of Environmental Health, 67(9), pp. 52–57. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=16919813 (Accessed: 31 October 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Hadjichristodoulou, C, Mouchtouri, V, Soteriades, ES, Vaitsi, V, Kolonia, V, Vasilogiannacopoulos, AP & Kremastinou, J 2005, ‘Mass Gathering Preparedness: The Experience of the Athens 2004 Olympic and Para-Olympic Games’, Journal of Environmental Health, vol. 67, no. 9, pp. 52–57, viewed 31 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Hadjichristodoulou, Christos, et al. “Mass Gathering Preparedness: The Experience of the Athens 2004 Olympic and Para-Olympic Games.” Journal of Environmental Health, vol. 67, no. 9, May 2005, pp. 52–57. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=16919813.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Hadjichristodoulou, Christos, Varvara Mouchtouri, Elpidoforos S. Soteriades, Vasiliki Vaitsi, Virginia Kolonia, Antonios P. Vasilogiannacopoulos, and Jeni Kremastinou. “Mass Gathering Preparedness: The Experience of the Athens 2004 Olympic and Para-Olympic Games.” Journal of Environmental Health 67, no. 9 (May 2005): 52–57. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=16919813.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Hadjichristodoulou C, Mouchtouri V, Soteriades ES, Vaitsi V, Kolonia V, Vasilogiannacopoulos AP, et al. Mass Gathering Preparedness: The Experience of the Athens 2004 Olympic and Para-Olympic Games. Journal of Environmental Health [Internet]. 2005 May [cited 2020 Oct 31];67(9):52–7. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=16919813