"How Science Survived" -- Medieval Manuscripts as Fossils.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      This article focuses on ancient texts which survived from Antiquity through the Middle Ages as manuscript copies produced by monks and professional scribes until the invention of the printing press in the 15th century A.D. Many of these texts are still in existence today, having battled an astonishing array of hazards including fire, war theft, and neglect. The precipitous decline in Greek literacy among the Latinate population in the Western Empire by the 3rd century created a crisis in the transmission of scientific literature that was only corrected in the 12th century, after the many disruptions of the early Middle Ages had subsided and the secular school had been reborn.
    • Full Text Word Count:
      1679
    • ISSN:
      0036-8075
    • Accession Number:
      10.1126/science.1109679
    • Accession Number:
      16348434
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      GILMAN, S. L.; GLAZE, F. E. “How Science Survived” -- Medieval Manuscripts as Fossils. Science, [s. l.], v. 307, n. 5713, p. 1208–1209, 2005. DOI 10.1126/science.1109679. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=16348434. Acesso em: 25 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Gilman SL, Glaze FE. “How Science Survived” -- Medieval Manuscripts as Fossils. Science. 2005;307(5713):1208-1209. doi:10.1126/science.1109679
    • APA:
      Gilman, S. L., & Glaze, F. E. (2005). “How Science Survived” -- Medieval Manuscripts as Fossils. Science, 307(5713), 1208–1209. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1109679
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Gilman, Sharon Larimer, and Florence Eliza Glaze. 2005. “‘How Science Survived’ -- Medieval Manuscripts as Fossils.” Science 307 (5713): 1208–9. doi:10.1126/science.1109679.
    • Harvard:
      Gilman, S. L. and Glaze, F. E. (2005) ‘“How Science Survived” -- Medieval Manuscripts as Fossils’, Science, 307(5713), pp. 1208–1209. doi: 10.1126/science.1109679.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Gilman, SL & Glaze, FE 2005, ‘“How Science Survived” -- Medieval Manuscripts as Fossils’, Science, vol. 307, no. 5713, pp. 1208–1209, viewed 25 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Gilman, Sharon Larimer, and Florence Eliza Glaze. “‘How Science Survived’ -- Medieval Manuscripts as Fossils.” Science, vol. 307, no. 5713, Feb. 2005, pp. 1208–1209. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1126/science.1109679.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Gilman, Sharon Larimer, and Florence Eliza Glaze. “‘How Science Survived’ -- Medieval Manuscripts as Fossils.” Science 307, no. 5713 (February 25, 2005): 1208–9. doi:10.1126/science.1109679.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Gilman SL, Glaze FE. “How Science Survived” -- Medieval Manuscripts as Fossils. Science [Internet]. 2005 Feb 25 [cited 2020 Nov 25];307(5713):1208–9. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=16348434