Catholics and the institutional Church: obedience vs. critical distance.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Author(s): Estruch, Juan
  • Source:
    Social Compass. 1970, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p379-401. 23p. 9 Charts.
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      This article examines factors affecting the level of religiosity of an individual. For some years now, some authors have stressed the impossibility of measuring religiosity unidimensionally. Research findings were often different and apparently inconsistent, because different dimensions were measured under the same concept of religiosity. Religious observances are seen as a mere correlate of the situation of obedience or independence vis-a-vis institutional Church. The process of rejection at the level of behavior is always more or less lagging behind the process of rejection at the level of attitudes. The study identified three groups among Catholic secondary schools in Belgium: Catholics, atheists, and Christians or non-Catholic. It should be noted that the last group does not include members of other denominations than the Catholic one, or of other religions than the Christian one. They are rather individuals coming from a Catholic milieu but no longer consider themselves as Catholics. It was assumed that this group was precisely the most critical vis-a-vis the Church. This assumption was confirmed by the fact that this group uniformly considers that one may reject the institution and even more significantly, the fact that most generally this is their own experience, meaning they actually reject the institutional Church.