State and religion in India.

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  • Author(s): Mudaliar, Chandra
  • Source:
    Social Compass. 1966, Vol. 13 Issue 5/6, p391-399. 9p.
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    • Abstract:
      This article focuses on the relationship between politics and religion in India. 80% of the people in India profess Hinduism and the rest profess Islam, Christianity, Zoroastrianism, Jainism and Buddhism etc. Thus there are in all 6 main religions. Each of these religions have their own religious institutions and properties, in the shape of trusts, land, cash, etc. State, in modern sense, first came in contact with religious institutions, not with a view to understand, observe, or spread religious tenets of any group but merely to protect and supervise the properties of these institutions. However, unlike the management of properties of any other trusts, the concern with the properties of religious institutions is indeed difficult to be dissociated from matters of religion. This in fact has resulted in deep involvement of the governments of states especially of Madras and the Government of India with religious trusts of the Hindus. Secularism is an important tenet of liberal thought and it has become an ideal even of states with established churches. When applied to a state, the word has no fixed technical meaning, nor does such a state adopt any distinctive institutions which could be considered peculiar to a secular state.