Therapeutic Targeting of Myeloperoxidase Attenuates NASH in Mice.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity has been associated with the metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular and liver disease. Here, we evaluate the therapeutic potential of MPO inhibition on nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and NASH‐induced fibrosis, the main determinant of outcomes. MPO plasma levels were elevated in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) compared with healthy controls. In a second cohort, hepatic MPO messenger RNA expression correlated with higher body mass index and hemoglobin A1c, both being risk factors for NAFLD. We could establish by immunohistochemistry that MPO‐positive cells were recruited to the liver in various mouse models of fibrogenic liver injury, including bile duct ligation, carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) treatment, spontaneous liver fibrogenesis in multidrug resistance 2 knockout (MDR2 KO) mice, and NASH‐inducing diet. Comparison of MPO‐deficient mice and their wild‐type littermates exposed to a high‐caloric diet revealed that MPO deficiency protects against NASH‐related liver injury and fibrosis. In line with this, hepatic gene expression analysis demonstrated a MPO‐dependent activation of pathways relevant for wound healing, inflammation, and cell death in NASH. MPO deficiency did not affect NAFLD‐independent liver injury and fibrosis in MDR2 KO or CCl4‐treated mice. Finally, we treated wild‐type mice exposed to NASH‐inducing diet with an oral MPO inhibitor. Pharmacological MPO inhibition not only reduced markers of MPO‐mediated liver damage, serum alanine aminotransferase levels, and hepatic steatosis, but also significantly decreased NASH‐induced liver fibrosis. MPO inhibitor treatment, but not MPO deficiency, significantly altered gut microbiota including a significant expansion of Akkermansia muciniphila. Conclusions: MPO specifically promotes NASH‐induced liver fibrosis. Pharmacological MPO inhibition attenuates NASH progression and NASH‐induced liver fibrosis in mice and is associated with beneficial changes of intestinal microbiota. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Hepatology Communications is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)