In-hospital outcomes of angiography versus intravascular ultrasound-guided percutaneous coronary intervention in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients.

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    • Abstract:
      We compared the in-hospital complications, outcomes, cost, and length of stay (LOS) between angiography-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided PCI in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in the USA. A nationwide inpatient database was queried to identify patients >18 years with STEMI who underwent angiography-guided and IVUS-guided PCI from January 2016 to December 2016. We compared the in-hospital mortality, complications, cost, and LOS between the two groups. We identified 100,485 patients who underwent angiography-guided PCI and 5,460 patients who underwent IVUS-guided PCI. In-hospital mortality was not statistically different (odds ratio [OR] 0.76, 95% CI 0.46 − 1.22, P = 0.24). Patients who underwent PCI with IVUS were more likely to have coronary artery dissection (OR 4.26, 95% CI 2.34 − 7.7, p = <0.01), and both groups had a similar incidence of acute kidney injury requiring hemodialysis. The mean LOS was similar, but the mean total cost was higher in the group that underwent PCI under IVUS guidance. The in-hospital mortality, hemodialysis, and the use of support devices did not reach a statistical difference between the two groups. However, we observed higher rates of coronary dissection with the use of IVUS in STEMI management. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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