(How) Do Voters Discriminate Against Women Candidates? Experimental and Qualitative Evidence From Malawi.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      African politics
      elections
      experimental research
      gender
      public opinion
      sexuality and politics
      voting behavior
    • Abstract:
      How do voters evaluate women candidates in places where traditional gender norms are strong? We conduct a survey experiment in Malawi to assess both whether citizens discriminate against women candidates and how other salient candidate characteristics—political experience, family status, policy focus, and gendered kinship practices—interact with candidate gender to affect citizen support. Contrary to our expectations, we find citizens prefer women candidates ceteris paribus, and women and men with the same traits are evaluated similarly. Yet, we find two unexpected ways women candidates are disadvantaged in the electoral process. First, we find that citizens prefer candidates who are married with young children, a profile much more common among men than women candidates in practice. Second, we find pervasive qualitative reports of negative campaigning that likely affected citizens' evaluations of actual women candidates, while not affecting evaluations of hypothetical candidates. We discuss how our results speak to the ways gender biases operate in practice across political contexts. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • ISSN:
      0010-4140
    • Accession Number:
      10.1177/0010414019858960
    • Accession Number:
      141213646
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      CLAYTON, A. et al. (How) Do Voters Discriminate Against Women Candidates? Experimental and Qualitative Evidence From Malawi. Comparative Political Studies, [s. l.], v. 53, n. 3/4, p. 601–630, 2020. DOI 10.1177/0010414019858960. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=141213646. Acesso em: 31 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Clayton A, Robinson AL, Johnson MC, Muriaas R. (How) Do Voters Discriminate Against Women Candidates? Experimental and Qualitative Evidence From Malawi. Comparative Political Studies. 2020;53(3/4):601-630. doi:10.1177/0010414019858960
    • APA:
      Clayton, A., Robinson, A. L., Johnson, M. C., & Muriaas, R. (2020). (How) Do Voters Discriminate Against Women Candidates? Experimental and Qualitative Evidence From Malawi. Comparative Political Studies, 53(3/4), 601–630. https://doi.org/10.1177/0010414019858960
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Clayton, Amanda, Amanda Lea Robinson, Martha C. Johnson, and Ragnhild Muriaas. 2020. “(How) Do Voters Discriminate Against Women Candidates? Experimental and Qualitative Evidence From Malawi.” Comparative Political Studies 53 (3/4): 601–30. doi:10.1177/0010414019858960.
    • Harvard:
      Clayton, A. et al. (2020) ‘(How) Do Voters Discriminate Against Women Candidates? Experimental and Qualitative Evidence From Malawi’, Comparative Political Studies, 53(3/4), pp. 601–630. doi: 10.1177/0010414019858960.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Clayton, A, Robinson, AL, Johnson, MC & Muriaas, R 2020, ‘(How) Do Voters Discriminate Against Women Candidates? Experimental and Qualitative Evidence From Malawi’, Comparative Political Studies, vol. 53, no. 3/4, pp. 601–630, viewed 31 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Clayton, Amanda, et al. “(How) Do Voters Discriminate Against Women Candidates? Experimental and Qualitative Evidence From Malawi.” Comparative Political Studies, vol. 53, no. 3/4, Mar. 2020, pp. 601–630. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1177/0010414019858960.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Clayton, Amanda, Amanda Lea Robinson, Martha C. Johnson, and Ragnhild Muriaas. “(How) Do Voters Discriminate Against Women Candidates? Experimental and Qualitative Evidence From Malawi.” Comparative Political Studies 53, no. 3/4 (March 2020): 601–30. doi:10.1177/0010414019858960.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Clayton A, Robinson AL, Johnson MC, Muriaas R. (How) Do Voters Discriminate Against Women Candidates? Experimental and Qualitative Evidence From Malawi. Comparative Political Studies [Internet]. 2020 Mar [cited 2020 Oct 31];53(3/4):601–30. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=141213646