Endobronchial valves for persistent air leak all-cause mortality and financial impact: US trend from 2012–2016.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Background: Endobronchial valves (EBV) are considered an innovation in the management of the persistent air leak (PAL). They offer a minimally invasive alternative to the traditional approach of pleurodesis and surgical intervention. We examined trends in mortality, length of stay (LOS), and resources utilization in patients who underwent EBV placement for PAL in the US. Methods: We utilized discharge data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) for five years (2012–2016). We included adults diagnosed with a pneumothorax who underwent EBV insertion at ≥ 3 days from the day of chest tube placement; or following invasive thoracic procedure. We analyzed all-cause mortality, LOS, and resources utilization in the study population. Results: A total of 1,885 cases met our inclusion criteria. Patients were mostly middle-aged, males, whites, and had significant comorbidities. The average LOS was 21.8 ± 20.5 days, the mean time for chest tube placement was 3.8 ± 5.9 days, and the mean time for EBV insertion was 10.5 ± 10.3 days. Pleurodesis was performed before and after EBV placement and in 9% and 6%, respectively. Conclusions: Our study showed that the all-cause mortality rate fluctuated throughout the years at around 10%. Despite EBV being a minimally invasive alternative, its use has not trended up significantly during the study period. EBVs are also being used off-label in the US for spontaneous pneumothorax. This study shall provide more data to the scarce literature about EBV for PAL. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives (JCHIMP) is the property of Taylor & Francis Ltd and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)