A Transient Pulse of Genetic Admixture from the Crusaders in the Near East Identified from Ancient Genome Sequences.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      aDNA
      Lebanon
      medieval period
      population history
      Roman period
      Sidon
      whole-genome sequences
    • Abstract:
      During the medieval period, hundreds of thousands of Europeans migrated to the Near East to take part in the Crusades, and many of them settled in the newly established Christian states along the Eastern Mediterranean coast. Here, we present a genetic snapshot of these events and their aftermath by sequencing the whole genomes of 13 individuals who lived in what is today known as Lebanon between the 3rd and 13th centuries CE. These include nine individuals from the "Crusaders' pit" in Sidon, a mass burial in South Lebanon identified from the archaeology as the grave of Crusaders killed during a battle in the 13th century CE. We show that all of the Crusaders' pit individuals were males; some were Western Europeans from diverse origins, some were locals (genetically indistinguishable from present-day Lebanese), and two individuals were a mixture of European and Near Eastern ancestries, providing direct evidence that the Crusaders admixed with the local population. However, these mixtures appear to have had limited genetic consequences since signals of admixture with Europeans are not significant in any Lebanese group today—in particular, Lebanese Christians are today genetically similar to local people who lived during the Roman period which preceded the Crusades by more than four centuries. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of American Journal of Human Genetics is the property of Cell Press and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      0002-9297
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.ajhg.2019.03.015
    • Accession Number:
      136152193
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      HABER, M. et al. A Transient Pulse of Genetic Admixture from the Crusaders in the Near East Identified from Ancient Genome Sequences. American Journal of Human Genetics, [s. l.], v. 104, n. 5, p. 977–984, 2019. DOI 10.1016/j.ajhg.2019.03.015. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=136152193. Acesso em: 26 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Haber M, Doumet-Serhal C, Scheib CL, et al. A Transient Pulse of Genetic Admixture from the Crusaders in the Near East Identified from Ancient Genome Sequences. American Journal of Human Genetics. 2019;104(5):977-984. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2019.03.015
    • APA:
      Haber, M., Doumet-Serhal, C., Scheib, C. L., Xue, Y., Mikulski, R., Martiniano, R., Fischer-Genz, B., Schutkowski, H., Kivisild, T., & Tyler-Smith, C. (2019). A Transient Pulse of Genetic Admixture from the Crusaders in the Near East Identified from Ancient Genome Sequences. American Journal of Human Genetics, 104(5), 977–984. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajhg.2019.03.015
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Haber, Marc, Claude Doumet-Serhal, Christiana L. Scheib, Yali Xue, Richard Mikulski, Rui Martiniano, Bettina Fischer-Genz, Holger Schutkowski, Toomas Kivisild, and Chris Tyler-Smith. 2019. “A Transient Pulse of Genetic Admixture from the Crusaders in the Near East Identified from Ancient Genome Sequences.” American Journal of Human Genetics 104 (5): 977–84. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2019.03.015.
    • Harvard:
      Haber, M. et al. (2019) ‘A Transient Pulse of Genetic Admixture from the Crusaders in the Near East Identified from Ancient Genome Sequences’, American Journal of Human Genetics, 104(5), pp. 977–984. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2019.03.015.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Haber, M, Doumet-Serhal, C, Scheib, CL, Xue, Y, Mikulski, R, Martiniano, R, Fischer-Genz, B, Schutkowski, H, Kivisild, T & Tyler-Smith, C 2019, ‘A Transient Pulse of Genetic Admixture from the Crusaders in the Near East Identified from Ancient Genome Sequences’, American Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 104, no. 5, pp. 977–984, viewed 26 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Haber, Marc, et al. “A Transient Pulse of Genetic Admixture from the Crusaders in the Near East Identified from Ancient Genome Sequences.” American Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 104, no. 5, May 2019, pp. 977–984. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2019.03.015.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Haber, Marc, Claude Doumet-Serhal, Christiana L. Scheib, Yali Xue, Richard Mikulski, Rui Martiniano, Bettina Fischer-Genz, Holger Schutkowski, Toomas Kivisild, and Chris Tyler-Smith. “A Transient Pulse of Genetic Admixture from the Crusaders in the Near East Identified from Ancient Genome Sequences.” American Journal of Human Genetics 104, no. 5 (May 2, 2019): 977–84. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2019.03.015.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Haber M, Doumet-Serhal C, Scheib CL, Xue Y, Mikulski R, Martiniano R, et al. A Transient Pulse of Genetic Admixture from the Crusaders in the Near East Identified from Ancient Genome Sequences. American Journal of Human Genetics [Internet]. 2019 May 2 [cited 2020 Oct 26];104(5):977–84. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=136152193