A vicious or auspicious cycle: The reciprocal relation between harsh parental discipline and children's self-regulation.

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    • Abstract:
      Children's ability to exercise self-regulation is a key predictor of academic, behavioural, and life outcomes, but the developmental dynamics of children's self-regulation are not adequately understood. We investigated how children's self-regulation skills and harsh parental discipline reciprocally predict each other across 12,474 children at ages three, five, and seven in the U.K. (Millennium Cohort Study). Cross-lagged structural equation models indicated that high initial levels of harsh parental discipline predicted lower subsequent self-regulation, which then reciprocally predicted higher levels of harsh parental discipline. Conversely, high initial levels of child self-regulation predicted lower subsequent harsh parental discipline. Implications for policy and interventions are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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