Status, identity, and ability in the formation of trust.

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  • Author(s): Robbins, Blaine G.
  • Source:
    Rationality & Society. Nov2017, Vol. 29 Issue 4, p408-448. 41p.
  • Document Type:
    Article
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Achieved characteristics
      ascribed characteristics
      social identity theory
      status characteristics theory
      survey experiment
      trust
    • Abstract:
      The sources of trust—or actor A’s belief about actor B’s trustworthiness with respect to particular matter Y—are myriad, ranging from the biological to the political. Despite the great amount of research that has investigated decision making as a function of another’s ascribed and achieved characteristics, we still know little about whether and to what extent these characteristics impact A’s trust in B regarding matter Y. In this article, I draw on classic sociological traditions—status characteristics theory and social identity theory—to formulate hypotheses that link ascribed and achieved characteristics to trust. Four survey experiments administered to Amazon.com Mechanical Turk workers (N = 1388 and N = 1419) and to public university undergraduate students (N = 995 and N = 956) showed that diffuse status characteristics (age, race, and gender) and social identities (co-age, co-race, and co-gender) produced weak to null effects depending on the population, hypothetical scenario, and nominal social category under study, while specific status characteristics (actual competence) consistently produced modest effects. Implications and directions for future research are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • Full Text Word Count:
      14402
    • ISSN:
      1043-4631
    • Accession Number:
      10.1177/1043463117734179
    • Accession Number:
      126234965
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      ROBBINS, B. G. Status, identity, and ability in the formation of trust. Rationality & Society, [s. l.], v. 29, n. 4, p. 408–448, 2017. DOI 10.1177/1043463117734179. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=126234965. Acesso em: 24 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Robbins BG. Status, identity, and ability in the formation of trust. Rationality & Society. 2017;29(4):408-448. doi:10.1177/1043463117734179
    • APA:
      Robbins, B. G. (2017). Status, identity, and ability in the formation of trust. Rationality & Society, 29(4), 408–448. https://doi.org/10.1177/1043463117734179
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Robbins, Blaine G. 2017. “Status, Identity, and Ability in the Formation of Trust.” Rationality & Society 29 (4): 408–48. doi:10.1177/1043463117734179.
    • Harvard:
      Robbins, B. G. (2017) ‘Status, identity, and ability in the formation of trust’, Rationality & Society, 29(4), pp. 408–448. doi: 10.1177/1043463117734179.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Robbins, BG 2017, ‘Status, identity, and ability in the formation of trust’, Rationality & Society, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 408–448, viewed 24 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Robbins, Blaine G. “Status, Identity, and Ability in the Formation of Trust.” Rationality & Society, vol. 29, no. 4, Nov. 2017, pp. 408–448. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1177/1043463117734179.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Robbins, Blaine G. “Status, Identity, and Ability in the Formation of Trust.” Rationality & Society 29, no. 4 (November 2017): 408–48. doi:10.1177/1043463117734179.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Robbins BG. Status, identity, and ability in the formation of trust. Rationality & Society [Internet]. 2017 Nov [cited 2020 Nov 24];29(4):408–48. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=126234965