A case-control study of hopelessness and suicidal behavior in the city of Athens, Greece. The role of the financial crisis.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      age
      financial crisis
      Hopelessness
      suicide attempt
      validation
    • Abstract:
      This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) in Greek patients with a recent suicide attempt, the predictive ability of BHS especially in terms of age and the possible effect of the financial crisis on hopelessness as it has been identified as a significant suicide risk factor. The study included a total of 510 individuals, citizens of Athens, Greece. Three hundred and forty individuals (170 attempted suicide patients, and 170 -age and gender- matched healthy individuals used as controls) completed BHS before the financial crisis onset (from 2009 to 2010). A sample of 170 healthy individuals also completed the BHS after the financial crisis onset (from 2013 to 2014), when the impact of the austerity measures was being felt by the Greek society. The Greek BHS version demonstrated good psychometric properties and a sufficient degree of internal consistency. Attempted suicide patients (M = 9) presented higher hopelessness than the controls (M = 3). The patients’ age positively correlated with hopelessness (rs = .35,p < .001), and the ROC curve revealed that the BHS ability to discriminate the individuals with pathological rates of hopelessness from those without, strengthened as age increased. No significant differences were found between the individuals evaluated before (M = 3) and after (M = 3,p > .05) the crisis onset. Nevertheless, regarding the latter group, the women, the younger individuals, the less educated, the unemployed and the participants with low or mediocre self-reported financial status presented increased hopelessness. Our findings suggest that BHS could be a useful instrument especially when screening for suicide risk in people of older age, and that the financial crisis in Greece had a greater impact on subgroups of the population regarding hopelessness. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
    • Abstract:
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    • ISSN:
      1354-8506
    • Accession Number:
      10.1080/13548506.2016.1164872
    • Accession Number:
      123207635
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      CHRISTODOULOU, C. et al. A case-control study of hopelessness and suicidal behavior in the city of Athens, Greece. The role of the financial crisis. Psychology, Health & Medicine, [s. l.], v. 22, n. 7, p. 772–777, 2017. DOI 10.1080/13548506.2016.1164872. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=123207635. Acesso em: 30 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Christodoulou C, Efstathiou V, Michopoulos I, et al. A case-control study of hopelessness and suicidal behavior in the city of Athens, Greece. The role of the financial crisis. Psychology, Health & Medicine. 2017;22(7):772-777. doi:10.1080/13548506.2016.1164872
    • APA:
      Christodoulou, C., Efstathiou, V., Michopoulos, I., Ferentinos, P., Korkoliakou, P., Gkerekou, M., Bouras, G., Papadopoulou, A., Papageorgiou, C., & Douzenis, A. (2017). A case-control study of hopelessness and suicidal behavior in the city of Athens, Greece. The role of the financial crisis. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 22(7), 772–777. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2016.1164872
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Christodoulou, Christos, Vasiliki Efstathiou, Ioannis Michopoulos, Panagiotis Ferentinos, Panagiota Korkoliakou, Maria Gkerekou, Georgios Bouras, Athanasia Papadopoulou, Charalabos Papageorgiou, and Athanassios Douzenis. 2017. “A Case-Control Study of Hopelessness and Suicidal Behavior in the City of Athens, Greece. The Role of the Financial Crisis.” Psychology, Health & Medicine 22 (7): 772–77. doi:10.1080/13548506.2016.1164872.
    • Harvard:
      Christodoulou, C. et al. (2017) ‘A case-control study of hopelessness and suicidal behavior in the city of Athens, Greece. The role of the financial crisis’, Psychology, Health & Medicine, 22(7), pp. 772–777. doi: 10.1080/13548506.2016.1164872.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Christodoulou, C, Efstathiou, V, Michopoulos, I, Ferentinos, P, Korkoliakou, P, Gkerekou, M, Bouras, G, Papadopoulou, A, Papageorgiou, C & Douzenis, A 2017, ‘A case-control study of hopelessness and suicidal behavior in the city of Athens, Greece. The role of the financial crisis’, Psychology, Health & Medicine, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 772–777, viewed 30 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Christodoulou, Christos, et al. “A Case-Control Study of Hopelessness and Suicidal Behavior in the City of Athens, Greece. The Role of the Financial Crisis.” Psychology, Health & Medicine, vol. 22, no. 7, Aug. 2017, pp. 772–777. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/13548506.2016.1164872.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Christodoulou, Christos, Vasiliki Efstathiou, Ioannis Michopoulos, Panagiotis Ferentinos, Panagiota Korkoliakou, Maria Gkerekou, Georgios Bouras, Athanasia Papadopoulou, Charalabos Papageorgiou, and Athanassios Douzenis. “A Case-Control Study of Hopelessness and Suicidal Behavior in the City of Athens, Greece. The Role of the Financial Crisis.” Psychology, Health & Medicine 22, no. 7 (August 2017): 772–77. doi:10.1080/13548506.2016.1164872.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Christodoulou C, Efstathiou V, Michopoulos I, Ferentinos P, Korkoliakou P, Gkerekou M, et al. A case-control study of hopelessness and suicidal behavior in the city of Athens, Greece. The role of the financial crisis. Psychology, Health & Medicine [Internet]. 2017 Aug [cited 2020 Nov 30];22(7):772–7. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=123207635