Obedience in perspective: Psychology and the Holocaust.

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  • Author(s): Mastroianni, George R.
  • Source:
    Theory & Psychology. Oct2015, Vol. 25 Issue 5, p657-669. 13p.
  • Document Type:
    Article
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      genocide
      Holocaust
      Milgram
      obedience
      situationism
    • Abstract:
      Stanley Milgram’s explanation of the Holocaust in terms of the mechanism of obedience is too narrow. While obedience was one mechanism which contributed to the outcome, the murder of Jews and others was the work of people from a broad swath of German society, from economists who planned mass starvation to ordinary soldiers in the Wehrmacht, often acting without duress or apparent pressures to conform. Psychologists should not ask “why?” the Holocaust occurred, but “how?” Much behavior of perpetrators, bystanders, victims, and instigators can be understood as the consequence of normal mechanisms of perception, learning, socialization, and development. What made genocide possible was not the transitory conditions created in a lab in a few hours but a complex of mechanisms that are the product of generations of human experience and of elaborate rational, emotional, and logical justifications. This requires a more complex future psychology than the narrow focus on situationist obedience. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Theory & Psychology is the property of Sage Publications, Ltd. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Full Text Word Count:
      6791
    • ISSN:
      0959-3543
    • Accession Number:
      10.1177/0959354315608963
    • Accession Number:
      110965449
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      MASTROIANNI, G. R. Obedience in perspective: Psychology and the Holocaust. Theory & Psychology, [s. l.], v. 25, n. 5, p. 657–669, 2015. DOI 10.1177/0959354315608963. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=110965449. Acesso em: 26 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Mastroianni GR. Obedience in perspective: Psychology and the Holocaust. Theory & Psychology. 2015;25(5):657-669. doi:10.1177/0959354315608963
    • APA:
      Mastroianni, G. R. (2015). Obedience in perspective: Psychology and the Holocaust. Theory & Psychology, 25(5), 657–669. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959354315608963
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Mastroianni, George R. 2015. “Obedience in Perspective: Psychology and the Holocaust.” Theory & Psychology 25 (5): 657–69. doi:10.1177/0959354315608963.
    • Harvard:
      Mastroianni, G. R. (2015) ‘Obedience in perspective: Psychology and the Holocaust’, Theory & Psychology, 25(5), pp. 657–669. doi: 10.1177/0959354315608963.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Mastroianni, GR 2015, ‘Obedience in perspective: Psychology and the Holocaust’, Theory & Psychology, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 657–669, viewed 26 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Mastroianni, George R. “Obedience in Perspective: Psychology and the Holocaust.” Theory & Psychology, vol. 25, no. 5, Oct. 2015, pp. 657–669. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1177/0959354315608963.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Mastroianni, George R. “Obedience in Perspective: Psychology and the Holocaust.” Theory & Psychology 25, no. 5 (October 2015): 657–69. doi:10.1177/0959354315608963.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Mastroianni GR. Obedience in perspective: Psychology and the Holocaust. Theory & Psychology [Internet]. 2015 Oct [cited 2020 Oct 26];25(5):657–69. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=110965449