Designing obedience in the lab: Milgram’s shock simulator and human factors engineering.

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  • Author(s): Oppenheimer, Maya
  • Source:
    Theory & Psychology. Oct2015, Vol. 25 Issue 5, p599-621. 23p.
  • Document Type:
    Article
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      affordance
      Alphonse Chapanis
      control panel
      design history
      experiment design
      human factors engineering
      modelling
      obedience
      Stanley Milgram
    • Abstract:
      This article probes the design history of Stanley Milgram’s simulated shock generator by comparing drawings and notes from Milgram’s archive in the Sterling Memorial Library at Yale with laboratory equipment and apparatus catalogues from the Archives of the History of American Psychology, University of Akron. By applying contemporaneous human factors engineering principles to the generator’s control panel layout, sequencing, and display optimisation, an argument emerges that suggests the tailor-made device had an influential role in facilitating the behaviour witnessed in the laboratory and generalised as obedience. Such an approach puts forward a new reading of Milgram’s experiment design, his penchant for dramaturgy, and reconsiders his generalisation of obedience to social authority. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Theory & Psychology is the property of Sage Publications, Ltd. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Full Text Word Count:
      8750
    • ISSN:
      0959-3543
    • Accession Number:
      10.1177/0959354315605392
    • Accession Number:
      110965446
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      OPPENHEIMER, M. Designing obedience in the lab: Milgram’s shock simulator and human factors engineering. Theory & Psychology, [s. l.], v. 25, n. 5, p. 599–621, 2015. DOI 10.1177/0959354315605392. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=110965446. Acesso em: 28 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Oppenheimer M. Designing obedience in the lab: Milgram’s shock simulator and human factors engineering. Theory & Psychology. 2015;25(5):599-621. doi:10.1177/0959354315605392
    • APA:
      Oppenheimer, M. (2015). Designing obedience in the lab: Milgram’s shock simulator and human factors engineering. Theory & Psychology, 25(5), 599–621. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959354315605392
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Oppenheimer, Maya. 2015. “Designing Obedience in the Lab: Milgram’s Shock Simulator and Human Factors Engineering.” Theory & Psychology 25 (5): 599–621. doi:10.1177/0959354315605392.
    • Harvard:
      Oppenheimer, M. (2015) ‘Designing obedience in the lab: Milgram’s shock simulator and human factors engineering’, Theory & Psychology, 25(5), pp. 599–621. doi: 10.1177/0959354315605392.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Oppenheimer, M 2015, ‘Designing obedience in the lab: Milgram’s shock simulator and human factors engineering’, Theory & Psychology, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 599–621, viewed 28 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Oppenheimer, Maya. “Designing Obedience in the Lab: Milgram’s Shock Simulator and Human Factors Engineering.” Theory & Psychology, vol. 25, no. 5, Oct. 2015, pp. 599–621. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1177/0959354315605392.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Oppenheimer, Maya. “Designing Obedience in the Lab: Milgram’s Shock Simulator and Human Factors Engineering.” Theory & Psychology 25, no. 5 (October 2015): 599–621. doi:10.1177/0959354315605392.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Oppenheimer M. Designing obedience in the lab: Milgram’s shock simulator and human factors engineering. Theory & Psychology [Internet]. 2015 Oct [cited 2020 Nov 28];25(5):599–621. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=110965446