Milgram’s shock experiments and the Nazi perpetrators: A contrarian perspective on the role of obedience pressures during the Holocaust.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Author(s): Fenigstein, Allan
  • Source:
    Theory & Psychology. Oct2015, Vol. 25 Issue 5, p581-598. 18p.
  • Document Type:
    Article
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      cruelty
      Holocaust
      morality
      obedience
      perpetrators
    • Abstract:
      In contrast to many scholars who believe that Milgram’s studies of obedience provide an incisive understanding of the Holocaust perpetrators, this article argues that pressures to obey authority had little role in the Holocaust. Unlike Milgram’s participants, most Nazi perpetrators showed no remorse or moral distress over the murders, severely compromising the explanatory necessity of obedience pressures; the excesses of the Nazis’ brutal and wanton cruelty, and the enthusiasm shown in the killing process, is entirely inconsistent with the behavior of the laboratory participants and with the concept of dutiful, but emotionless, obedience; and finally, when Milgram’s participants had the chance to evade giving shock, they frequently seized that opportunity; in contrast, although Nazi killers were often given the opportunity to withdraw from the killing operations, very few chose to do so. These arguments suggest that most of the Nazi perpetrators believed in what they were doing, and would have been willing, perhaps even eager to kill Jews, even in the absence of orders to do so. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Theory & Psychology is the property of Sage Publications, Ltd. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Full Text Word Count:
      8585
    • ISSN:
      0959-3543
    • Accession Number:
      10.1177/0959354315601904
    • Accession Number:
      110965443
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      FENIGSTEIN, A. Milgram’s shock experiments and the Nazi perpetrators: A contrarian perspective on the role of obedience pressures during the Holocaust. Theory & Psychology, [s. l.], v. 25, n. 5, p. 581–598, 2015. DOI 10.1177/0959354315601904. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=110965443. Acesso em: 28 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Fenigstein A. Milgram’s shock experiments and the Nazi perpetrators: A contrarian perspective on the role of obedience pressures during the Holocaust. Theory & Psychology. 2015;25(5):581-598. doi:10.1177/0959354315601904
    • APA:
      Fenigstein, A. (2015). Milgram’s shock experiments and the Nazi perpetrators: A contrarian perspective on the role of obedience pressures during the Holocaust. Theory & Psychology, 25(5), 581–598. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959354315601904
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Fenigstein, Allan. 2015. “Milgram’s Shock Experiments and the Nazi Perpetrators: A Contrarian Perspective on the Role of Obedience Pressures during the Holocaust.” Theory & Psychology 25 (5): 581–98. doi:10.1177/0959354315601904.
    • Harvard:
      Fenigstein, A. (2015) ‘Milgram’s shock experiments and the Nazi perpetrators: A contrarian perspective on the role of obedience pressures during the Holocaust’, Theory & Psychology, 25(5), pp. 581–598. doi: 10.1177/0959354315601904.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Fenigstein, A 2015, ‘Milgram’s shock experiments and the Nazi perpetrators: A contrarian perspective on the role of obedience pressures during the Holocaust’, Theory & Psychology, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 581–598, viewed 28 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Fenigstein, Allan. “Milgram’s Shock Experiments and the Nazi Perpetrators: A Contrarian Perspective on the Role of Obedience Pressures during the Holocaust.” Theory & Psychology, vol. 25, no. 5, Oct. 2015, pp. 581–598. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1177/0959354315601904.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Fenigstein, Allan. “Milgram’s Shock Experiments and the Nazi Perpetrators: A Contrarian Perspective on the Role of Obedience Pressures during the Holocaust.” Theory & Psychology 25, no. 5 (October 2015): 581–98. doi:10.1177/0959354315601904.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Fenigstein A. Milgram’s shock experiments and the Nazi perpetrators: A contrarian perspective on the role of obedience pressures during the Holocaust. Theory & Psychology [Internet]. 2015 Oct [cited 2020 Nov 28];25(5):581–98. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=110965443