Y-chromosome diversity in Catalan surname samples: insights into surname origin and frequency.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      The biological behavior of the Y chromosome, which is paternally inherited, implies that males sharing the same surname may also share a similar Y chromosome. However, socio-cultural factors, such as polyphyletism, non-paternity, adoption, or matrilineal surname transmission, may prevent the joint transmission of the surname and the Y chromosome. By genotyping 17 Y-STRs and 68 SNPs in ~2500 male samples that each carried one of the 50 selected Catalan surnames, we could determine sets of descendants of a common ancestor, the population of origin of the common ancestor, and the date when such a common ancestor lived. Haplotype diversity was positively correlated with surname frequency, that is, rarer surnames showed the strongest signals of coancestry. Introgression rates of Y chromosomes into a surname by non-paternity, adoption, and transmission of the maternal surname were estimated at 1.5−2.6% per generation, with some local variation. Average ages for the founders of the surnames were estimated at ~500 years, suggesting a delay between the origin of surnames (twelfth and thirteenth centuries) and the systematization of their paternal transmission. We have found that, in general, a foreign etymology for a surname does not often result in a non-indigenous origin of surname founders; however, bearers of some surnames with an Arabic etymology show an excess of North African haplotypes. Finally, we estimate that surname prediction from a Y-chromosome haplotype, which may have interesting forensic applications, has a ~60% sensitivity but a 17% false discovery rate. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of European Journal of Human Genetics is the property of Springer Nature and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      1018-4813
    • Accession Number:
      10.1038/ejhg.2015.14
    • Accession Number:
      110359691
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      SOLÉ-MORATA, N. et al. Y-chromosome diversity in Catalan surname samples: insights into surname origin and frequency. European Journal of Human Genetics, [s. l.], v. 23, n. 11, p. 1549–1557, 2015. DOI 10.1038/ejhg.2015.14. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=110359691. Acesso em: 23 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Solé-Morata N, Bertranpetit J, Comas D, Calafell F. Y-chromosome diversity in Catalan surname samples: insights into surname origin and frequency. European Journal of Human Genetics. 2015;23(11):1549-1557. doi:10.1038/ejhg.2015.14
    • APA:
      Solé-Morata, N., Bertranpetit, J., Comas, D., & Calafell, F. (2015). Y-chromosome diversity in Catalan surname samples: insights into surname origin and frequency. European Journal of Human Genetics, 23(11), 1549–1557. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejhg.2015.14
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Solé-Morata, Neus, Jaume Bertranpetit, David Comas, and Francesc Calafell. 2015. “Y-Chromosome Diversity in Catalan Surname Samples: Insights into Surname Origin and Frequency.” European Journal of Human Genetics 23 (11): 1549–57. doi:10.1038/ejhg.2015.14.
    • Harvard:
      Solé-Morata, N. et al. (2015) ‘Y-chromosome diversity in Catalan surname samples: insights into surname origin and frequency’, European Journal of Human Genetics, 23(11), pp. 1549–1557. doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2015.14.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Solé-Morata, N, Bertranpetit, J, Comas, D & Calafell, F 2015, ‘Y-chromosome diversity in Catalan surname samples: insights into surname origin and frequency’, European Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 1549–1557, viewed 23 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Solé-Morata, Neus, et al. “Y-Chromosome Diversity in Catalan Surname Samples: Insights into Surname Origin and Frequency.” European Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 23, no. 11, Nov. 2015, pp. 1549–1557. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1038/ejhg.2015.14.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Solé-Morata, Neus, Jaume Bertranpetit, David Comas, and Francesc Calafell. “Y-Chromosome Diversity in Catalan Surname Samples: Insights into Surname Origin and Frequency.” European Journal of Human Genetics 23, no. 11 (November 2015): 1549–57. doi:10.1038/ejhg.2015.14.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Solé-Morata N, Bertranpetit J, Comas D, Calafell F. Y-chromosome diversity in Catalan surname samples: insights into surname origin and frequency. European Journal of Human Genetics [Internet]. 2015 Nov [cited 2020 Nov 23];23(11):1549–57. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hch&AN=110359691