What else do college students “do” while studying? An investigation of multitasking.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author Supplied Keywords:
      Learning strategies
      Media in education
      Post-secondary education
    • Abstract:
      We investigated the frequency and duration of distractions and media multitasking among college students engaged in a 3-h solitary study/homework session. Participant distractions were assessed with three different kinds of apparatus with increasing levels of potential intrusiveness: remote surveillance cameras, a head-mounted point-of-view video camera, and a mobile eyetracker. No evidence was obtained to indicate that method of assessment impacted multitasking behaviors. On average, students spent 73 min of the session listening to music while studying. In addition, students engaged with an average of 35 distractions of 6 s or longer over the course of 3 h, with an aggregated mean duration of 25 min. Higher homework task motivation and self-efficacy to concentrate on homework were associated with less frequent and shorter duration multitasking behaviors, while greater negative affect was linked to longer duration multitasking behaviors during the session. We discuss the implications of these data for assessment and for understanding the nature of distractions and media multitasking during solitary studying. [Copyright &y& Elsevier]
    • :
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1Virginia Commonwealth University, Department of Psychology, 806 West Franklin Street, P.O. Box 842018, Richmond, VA, 23284-2018, USA
      2Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Psychology, 654 Cherry Street, Atlanta, GA, 30332-0170, USA
    • ISSN:
      03601315
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.compedu.2014.02.004
    • Accession Number:
      95503485
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      CALDERWOOD, C.; ACKERMAN, P. L.; CONKLIN, E. M. What else do college students “do” while studying? An investigation of multitasking. Computers & Education, [s. l.], v. 75, p. 19–29, 2014. DOI 10.1016/j.compedu.2014.02.004. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eue&AN=95503485. Acesso em: 6 dez. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Calderwood C, Ackerman PL, Conklin EM. What else do college students “do” while studying? An investigation of multitasking. Computers & Education. 2014;75:19-29. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2014.02.004
    • APA:
      Calderwood, C., Ackerman, P. L., & Conklin, E. M. (2014). What else do college students “do” while studying? An investigation of multitasking. Computers & Education, 75, 19–29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2014.02.004
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Calderwood, Charles, Phillip L. Ackerman, and Erin Marie Conklin. 2014. “What Else Do College Students ‘Do’ While Studying? An Investigation of Multitasking.” Computers & Education 75 (June): 19–29. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2014.02.004.
    • Harvard:
      Calderwood, C., Ackerman, P. L. and Conklin, E. M. (2014) ‘What else do college students “do” while studying? An investigation of multitasking’, Computers & Education, 75, pp. 19–29. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2014.02.004.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Calderwood, C, Ackerman, PL & Conklin, EM 2014, ‘What else do college students “do” while studying? An investigation of multitasking’, Computers & Education, vol. 75, pp. 19–29, viewed 6 December 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Calderwood, Charles, et al. “What Else Do College Students ‘Do’ While Studying? An Investigation of Multitasking.” Computers & Education, vol. 75, June 2014, pp. 19–29. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2014.02.004.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Calderwood, Charles, Phillip L. Ackerman, and Erin Marie Conklin. “What Else Do College Students ‘Do’ While Studying? An Investigation of Multitasking.” Computers & Education 75 (June 2014): 19–29. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2014.02.004.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Calderwood C, Ackerman PL, Conklin EM. What else do college students “do” while studying? An investigation of multitasking. Computers & Education [Internet]. 2014 Jun [cited 2020 Dec 6];75:19–29. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eue&AN=95503485