Parental and Peer Factors Associated with Body Image Discrepancy among Fifth-Grade Boys and Girls.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author Supplied Keywords:
      Body image discrepancy
      Fifth graders
      Parental factors
      Peer factors
      Self-worth
    • Abstract:
      Many young adolescents are dissatisfied with their body due to a discrepancy between their ideal and actual body size, which can lead to weight cycling, eating disorders, depression, and obesity. The current study examined the associations of parental and peer factors with fifth-graders' body image discrepancy, physical self-worth as a mediator between parental and peer factors and body image discrepancy, and how these associations vary by child's sex. Body image discrepancy was defined as the difference between young adolescents' self-perceived body size and the size they believe a person their age should be. Data for this study came from Healthy Passages, which surveyed 5,147 fifth graders (51 % females; 34 % African American, 35 % Latino, 24 % White, and 6 % other) and their primary caregivers from the United States. Path analyses were conducted separately for boys and girls. The findings for boys suggest father nurturance and getting along with peers are related negatively to body image discrepancy; however, for girls, fear of negative evaluation by peers is related positively to body image discrepancy. For both boys and girls, getting along with peers and fear of negative evaluation by peers are related directly to physical self-worth. In addition, mother nurturance is related positively to physical self-worth for girls, and father nurturance is related positively to physical self-worth for boys. In turn, physical self-worth, for both boys and girls, is related negatively to body image discrepancy. The findings highlight the potential of parental and peer factors to reduce fifth graders' body image discrepancy. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • :
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1University of Maryland, 3304 Benjamin Building College Park 20742 USA
      2RAND Corporation, 1776 Main Street Santa Monica 90407-2138 USA
      3Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, MS E-44 Atlanta 30333 USA
      4Psychological Sciences, University of California, Merced, 5200 North Lake Rd. Merced 95343 USA
      5University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station, D3700 Austin 78712-0360 USA
      6University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 1200 Herman Pressler Street Houston 77030 USA
      7University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 7000 Fannin Street, Suite 2670 Houston 77030 USA
      8Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, mailstop K-33 Atlanta 30341 USA
      9University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1600 7th Avenue South Birmingham 35294 USA
    • ISSN:
      00472891
    • Accession Number:
      10.1007/s10964-012-9899-8
    • Accession Number:
      93435777
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      MICHAEL, S. et al. Parental and Peer Factors Associated with Body Image Discrepancy among Fifth-Grade Boys and Girls. Journal of Youth & Adolescence, [s. l.], v. 43, n. 1, p. 15–29, 2014. DOI 10.1007/s10964-012-9899-8. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eue&AN=93435777. Acesso em: 29 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Michael S, Wentzel K, Elliott M, et al. Parental and Peer Factors Associated with Body Image Discrepancy among Fifth-Grade Boys and Girls. Journal of Youth & Adolescence. 2014;43(1):15-29. doi:10.1007/s10964-012-9899-8
    • APA:
      Michael, S., Wentzel, K., Elliott, M., Dittus, P., Kanouse, D., Wallander, J., Pasch, K., Franzini, L., Taylor, W., Qureshi, T., Franklin, F., & Schuster, M. (2014). Parental and Peer Factors Associated with Body Image Discrepancy among Fifth-Grade Boys and Girls. Journal of Youth & Adolescence, 43(1), 15–29. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-012-9899-8
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Michael, Shannon, Kathryn Wentzel, Marc Elliott, Patricia Dittus, David Kanouse, Jan Wallander, Keryn Pasch, et al. 2014. “Parental and Peer Factors Associated with Body Image Discrepancy among Fifth-Grade Boys and Girls.” Journal of Youth & Adolescence 43 (1): 15–29. doi:10.1007/s10964-012-9899-8.
    • Harvard:
      Michael, S. et al. (2014) ‘Parental and Peer Factors Associated with Body Image Discrepancy among Fifth-Grade Boys and Girls’, Journal of Youth & Adolescence, 43(1), pp. 15–29. doi: 10.1007/s10964-012-9899-8.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Michael, S, Wentzel, K, Elliott, M, Dittus, P, Kanouse, D, Wallander, J, Pasch, K, Franzini, L, Taylor, W, Qureshi, T, Franklin, F & Schuster, M 2014, ‘Parental and Peer Factors Associated with Body Image Discrepancy among Fifth-Grade Boys and Girls’, Journal of Youth & Adolescence, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 15–29, viewed 29 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Michael, Shannon, et al. “Parental and Peer Factors Associated with Body Image Discrepancy among Fifth-Grade Boys and Girls.” Journal of Youth & Adolescence, vol. 43, no. 1, Jan. 2014, pp. 15–29. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s10964-012-9899-8.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Michael, Shannon, Kathryn Wentzel, Marc Elliott, Patricia Dittus, David Kanouse, Jan Wallander, Keryn Pasch, et al. “Parental and Peer Factors Associated with Body Image Discrepancy among Fifth-Grade Boys and Girls.” Journal of Youth & Adolescence 43, no. 1 (January 2014): 15–29. doi:10.1007/s10964-012-9899-8.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Michael S, Wentzel K, Elliott M, Dittus P, Kanouse D, Wallander J, et al. Parental and Peer Factors Associated with Body Image Discrepancy among Fifth-Grade Boys and Girls. Journal of Youth & Adolescence [Internet]. 2014 Jan [cited 2020 Oct 29];43(1):15–29. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eue&AN=93435777