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    • Abstract:
      At the time of contact with Europeans in the 1540s, the Hitchitis lived on the lower Ocmulgee River in present-day Georgia. Seeing themselves as the original inhabitants of the area, the Hitchitis regarded the other tribes who came into the Creek Nation as newcomers. (Hitchiti tradition located the founding of the Creek confederacy at Ocmulgee Old Field, the site of present-day Macon, Georgia.) Culturally, the Hitchitis were similar to other Creeks, though their language was not intelligible to speakers of pure Muskogee. Hitchiti