Crazy Snake.

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    • Abstract:
      Crazy Snake rose to prominence in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries as leader of the traditionalist faction within the Creek Nation, making him the successor to Opothleyaholo, Oktarharsars Harjo (Sands), and Isparhecher. Traditionalist Creeks, many of whom were full-bloods, sought to maintain the old tribal religion and lifestyle; in addition, they resisted assimilation and the settlement of whites on tribal lands. They distrusted tribal leaders, who were often of mixed blood and thus more acculturated. A vital aspect of traditional life for the Creeks, namely the communal ownership of land, came under direct threat in the 1890’s when Congress established the Dawes Commission to extend the policy of allotment (the division of tribal lands among individual Indians) to the Creeks and the rest of the Five Civilized Tribes. Crazy Snake