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    • Abstract:
      The matrilineal Apalachicola raised the “three sisters”—beans, corn, and squash—but were also river-oriented. They had individual and large communal hunts for deer, which supplemented their food bases and provided needed by-products. There were probably four large, permanent, and politically independent villages that maintained exchange of resources and alliances. According to oral history, when the Muskogee encroached upon Apalachicola territory a peace treaty resulted, which the Apalachicola negotiated and which led to the Creek Confederacy. Apalachicola