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      “Donatism” (DOH-nuh-tin-zuhm), named by “Catholic” opponents, refers to an African schism in the Christian Church that stemmed from Donatus (d. c. 355 c.e.), who claimed the Carthaginian see from 313/314 to 355 c.e. Donatus succeeded Majorinus, whom a group of Numidian bishops had elected (c. 309 c.e.) after rejecting Caecilian’s earlier election by Carthaginian Christians. Because transmarine churches still recognized Caecilian, two lines of succession lasted into the Arab conquest. Each communion viewed itself as the catholic church and therefore contested the other’s catholicism, churches, and martyrs.