Hochhuth Stages a Critique of Pope Pius XII's Silence During the Holocaust.

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    • Abstract:
      The premiere of Rolf Hochhuth’s Der Stellvertreter: Ein Christliches Trauerspiel (The Representative, 1963; also known as The Deputy, 1964) in Berlin on February 20, 1963, generated a considerable uproar and an inordinate amount of controversy, much of it over the portrayal of Pope Pius XII. Subtitled A Christian Tragedy, the play is essentially about individual responsibility and moral choices. In opposition to literary critics or dramatists such as Friedrich Dürrenmatt, who held that in view of the anonymity of the modern industrial age the individual had become irrelevant, Hochhuth firmly believed that every individual, especially a prominent one, had the freedom of choice to make decisions that affected the course of history.