East–West Schism.

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    • Abstract:
      The East-West schism was a theological rift that developed during the medieval period and eventually resulted in the division of the Christian church into the Roman Catholic Church of the West and the Eastern Orthodox Church of the East. This rift was the result of many different factors. On one level, it was a political power struggle between the cities of Rome and Constantinople; on another level, it was driven by fundamental theological differences that many felt could not be reconciled and thus had to exist in separate spheres. Still others contend that the schism was inevitable due to the cultural differences at work. Language also played an important, if often overlooked, role in the division; in the East, the predominant language was Greek, while in the West, Latin became the preferred tongue for civil and ecclesiastical communication and record keeping.