Leo X.

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  • Author(s): Gill, Paul E.
  • Source:
    Salem Press Biographical Encyclopedia, 2020. 4p.
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    • Abstract:
      Italian pope (1513-1521). Pope Leo X was born Giovanni de’ Medici, the second son of Lorenzo de’ Medici and his wife, Clarice Orsini. Though brought up in the lap of Renaissance luxury, he was groomed for a career in the Catholic Church from an early age. Tonsured at age seven, he was appointed a cardinal at age thirteen, although he did not receive the insignia and the privileges of that office until 1492. As a youth, he was tutored by the famous Humanists Marsilio Ficino, Angelo Poliziano, and Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, who imparted to him a love of literature and the arts, which characterized his entire life.