Gregorian Reform.

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    • Abstract:
      Gregorian reform refers to a series of changes made in the operation of the Roman Catholic Church in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. The leaders of the church had moved away from following many long-held practices of the church and had become secularized , or adopted practices used by those outside the church. Over the reign of several popes, including Gregory VII (1020-1085), for whom the reforms are named, many of these improper behaviors were outlawed and the original rules of the church were restored. The process led to dissent among the clergy and to conflict with civil rulers, who wanted to gain and retain authority over the church. Ultimately, the reforms made by Pope Gregory and others would lead to a new fervor among Christians and result in a groundswell of support for the First Crusade. The tomb of Pope Gregorius VII in the Cathedral of Salerno, Italy, with his last words: "Dilexi iustitiam, odivi iniquitatem, propterea morior in esilio !" (I loved justice and I hated iniquity, so I die in exile). By The original uploader was NicFer at Italian Wikipedia [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons Pope Saint Gregory VII saying Mass (inspired by the Holy Spirit) By Uncertain [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons