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    • Abstract:
      Anticlericalism is a term that describes criticism of or opposition to the officials and procedures of a religious organization. In this usage, the term has historically been applied to the Roman Catholic Church. However, it can apply to other denominations or religious traditions, such as Islam. Anticlericalism also encompasses overall rejection of religious influence in political matters and in secular, or nonreligious, cultural organizations, such as schools and other public forums. At some points in history, anticlericalism has resulted in violence and persecution. In other cases, the opposition comes in the form of policies or laws that limit or reject church influence or authority. Anticlericalism can originate from outside of a religion or from within it. Closure of the Grande Chartreuse monastery and forcible expulsion of the monks in April 1903. By L'Illustration, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons