Utica (ancient world).

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      A coastal city in north Africa (Tunisia), thirty miles northwest of Carthage. Although now lying six miles inland, in ancient times it stood on a promontory at the mouth of the river Bagradas (Medjerda), and possessed a port. Traditionally the oldest Phoenician settlement in north Africa, it was outstripped by Carthage, but remained the second center of the Carthaginian homeland. At the end of the Second Punic War Utica was besieged by Scipio Africanus the Elder (204), but in the Third War supported the Numidian King Masinissa against Carthage (149). After the fall of Carthage (146), it was rewarded with some of the conquered city's lands, and became the capital of the new Roman province of Africa and the residence of numerous Italian financiers and businessmen.