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  • Source:
    Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2020. 1p.
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    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      A coastal city in northwestern Sicily, founded by the Phoenicians in the seventh century BC, and later the principal administrative, military and naval base of the Carthaginian zone in the west of the island. The position of Panormus, adjoining a fine harbor and fertile hinterland (the Conca d'Oro), explains why, according to Polybius, it was the most important city of Carthage's overseas dominions. The Greek character of its name, Pan-Hormos (`harbor for all’), suggests—and finds of Corinthian vases confirm—early contact with Greek settlements, and local coins, from the fifth century onward, bear Greek as well as Punic inscriptions.