Examining Predictive Factors and Effects of In-Class Multitasking with Mobile Phones

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  • Source:
    Interactive Technology and Smart Education, v16 n1 p49-58 2019. 10 pp.
  • Accession Number:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/ITSE-08-2018-0056
  • Language:
    English
  • Publication Type:
    Journal Articles; Reports - Research
  • Additional Information
    • Author(s):
    • Availability:
      Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Howard House, Wagon Lane, Bingley, West Yorkshire, BD16 1WA, UK. Tel: +44-1274-777700; Fax: +44-1274-785201; e-mail: emerald@emeraldinsight.com; Web site: http://www.emeraldinsight.com
    • Peer Reviewed:
      Y
    • ISSN:
      1741-5659
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Purpose: The study aims to give a descriptive account of university students' engagement with non-learning-related activities during class time and explore the relationship between off-task multitasking and learning. The predictive factors for off-task multitasking from individual, social and class-related dimensions are also examined. Design/methodology/approach: Contextualized in a comprehensive university in Hong Kong, the study adopts a survey design and involves 79 samples. Findings: The data show that Hong Kong university students are avid users of mobile phones and heavily engage with digital devices. Off-task multitasking with mobile phones is a common phenomenon, yet not related to learning performance. Among the various media and apps on mobile phones, instant messenger stands out as the most frequently used app on a daily basis and inside the classroom. The individual device-use habit and classroom engagement are significant predictors for off-task multitasking during class time. Practical implications: This paper will allow teachers and students to be more aware of the causes and effects of off-task multitasking behaviors during class time and derive practical guidance and strategies to pay heed to and resist the disruptive influence of technologies on learning. Originality/value: The existing scholarly work show a mixed and incomplete picture regarding the effects and determining factors of students' multitasking. This study includes three variables from individual, social and teaching/learning dimensions and seeks to evaluate their predictive strengths. The results of the study will deepen our understanding of the patterns of off-task multitasking.
    • Abstract:
      As Provided
    • Physical Description:
      10
    • Education Level:
      Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
    • Journal Code:
      JAN2020
    • Publication Date:
      2019
    • Accession Number:
      EJ1207416
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      DENG, L.; KU, K. Y. L.; KONG, Q. Examining Predictive Factors and Effects of In-Class Multitasking with Mobile Phones. Interactive Technology and Smart Education, [s. l.], v. 16, n. 1, p. 49–58, 2019. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1207416. Acesso em: 30 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Deng L, Ku KYL, Kong Q. Examining Predictive Factors and Effects of In-Class Multitasking with Mobile Phones. Interactive Technology and Smart Education. 2019;16(1):49-58. Accessed October 30, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1207416
    • APA:
      Deng, L., Ku, K. Y. L., & Kong, Q. (2019). Examining Predictive Factors and Effects of In-Class Multitasking with Mobile Phones. Interactive Technology and Smart Education, 16(1), 49–58.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Deng, Liping, Kelly Yee Lai Ku, and Qiuyi Kong. 2019. “Examining Predictive Factors and Effects of In-Class Multitasking with Mobile Phones.” Interactive Technology and Smart Education 16 (1): 49–58. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1207416.
    • Harvard:
      Deng, L., Ku, K. Y. L. and Kong, Q. (2019) ‘Examining Predictive Factors and Effects of In-Class Multitasking with Mobile Phones’, Interactive Technology and Smart Education, 16(1), pp. 49–58. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1207416 (Accessed: 30 October 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Deng, L, Ku, KYL & Kong, Q 2019, ‘Examining Predictive Factors and Effects of In-Class Multitasking with Mobile Phones’, Interactive Technology and Smart Education, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 49–58, viewed 30 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Deng, Liping, et al. “Examining Predictive Factors and Effects of In-Class Multitasking with Mobile Phones.” Interactive Technology and Smart Education, vol. 16, no. 1, Jan. 2019, pp. 49–58. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1207416.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Deng, Liping, Kelly Yee Lai Ku, and Qiuyi Kong. “Examining Predictive Factors and Effects of In-Class Multitasking with Mobile Phones.” Interactive Technology and Smart Education 16, no. 1 (January 1, 2019): 49–58. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1207416.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Deng L, Ku KYL, Kong Q. Examining Predictive Factors and Effects of In-Class Multitasking with Mobile Phones. Interactive Technology and Smart Education [Internet]. 2019 Jan 1 [cited 2020 Oct 30];16(1):49–58. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1207416