Civil engineering

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  • Source:
    Britannica Online
  • Document Type:
    Reference Entry
  • Language:
    English
  • Additional Information
    • Publication Information:
      Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.
    • Abstract:
      the profession of designing and executing structural works that serve the general public. The term was first used in the 18th century to distinguish the newly recognized profession from military engineering, until then preeminent. From earliest times, however, engineers have engaged in peaceful activities, and many of the civil engineering works of ancient and medieval times—such as the Roman public baths, roads, bridges, and aqueducts; the Flemish canals; the Dutch sea defenses; the French Gothic cathedrals; and many other monuments—reveal a history of inventive genius and persistent experimentation.
    • File Description:
      HTML
    • Online Access: http://academic.eb.com/levels/collegiate/article/105844
    • Rights:
      Copyright © 1994-2020 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
    • Accession Number:
      ebo.e9105844
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      Civil engineering. Britannica Online, [s. l.], [s. d.]. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebo&AN=ebo.e9105844. Acesso em: 21 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Civil engineering. Britannica Online. Accessed October 21, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebo&AN=ebo.e9105844
    • APA:
      Civil engineering. (n.d.). Britannica Online.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      “Civil Engineering.” 2020. Britannica Online. Accessed October 21. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebo&AN=ebo.e9105844.
    • Harvard:
      ‘Civil engineering’ (no date) Britannica Online. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebo&AN=ebo.e9105844 (Accessed: 21 October 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      ‘Civil engineering’ n.d., Britannica Online, viewed 21 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      “Civil Engineering.” Britannica Online. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebo&AN=ebo.e9105844. Accessed 21 Oct. 2020.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      “Civil Engineering.” Britannica Online. Accessed October 21, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebo&AN=ebo.e9105844.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Civil engineering. Britannica Online [Internet]. [cited 2020 Oct 21]; Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebo&AN=ebo.e9105844