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  • Source:
    Britannica Online
  • Document Type:
    Reference Entry
  • Language:
  • Additional Information
    • Publication Information:
      Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.
    • Abstract:
      central fortress in medieval Russian cities, usually located at a strategic point along a river and separated from the surrounding parts of the city by a wooden—later a stone or brick—wall with ramparts, a moat, towers, and battlements. Several capitals of principalities (e.g., Moscow, Pskov, Novgorod, Smolensk, Rostov, Suzdal, Yaroslavl, Vladimir, and Nizhny Novgorod) were built around old kremlins, which generally contained cathedrals, palaces for princes and bishops, governmental offices, and munitions stores.
    • File Description:
    • Online Access:
    • Rights:
      Copyright © 1994-2020 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
    • Accession Number:
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      Kremlin. Britannica Online, [s. l.], [s. d.]. Disponível em: Acesso em: 30 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Kremlin. Britannica Online. Accessed September 30, 2020.
    • APA:
      Kremlin. (n.d.). Britannica Online.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      “Kremlin.” 2020. Britannica Online. Accessed September 30.
    • Harvard:
      ‘Kremlin’ (no date) Britannica Online. Available at: (Accessed: 30 September 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      ‘Kremlin’ n.d., Britannica Online, viewed 30 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      “Kremlin.” Britannica Online. EBSCOhost, Accessed 30 Sept. 2020.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      “Kremlin.” Britannica Online. Accessed September 30, 2020.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Kremlin. Britannica Online [Internet]. [cited 2020 Sep 30]; Available from: