Pekka Vesaisen historia: myyttinen sissipäällikkö, kovaluonteinen talonpoika 1500-luvulta. (Finnish)

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  • Author(s): Enhuske, Matti
  • Language:
    Finnish
  • Source:
    Faravid; 2013, Vol. 37, p35-57, 23p
  • Additional Information
    • Alternate Title:
      Pekka Vesainen's history: A Mythical Guerilla Chief and Tough Peasant from the 1500s. (English)
    • Publication Year:
      2013
    • Abstract:
      This article is a biographical description of Pekka Vesainen, a renowned northern Finnish peasant from the 1500s. Over the centuries he gradually became for the Finns a mythical heroic figure who defended free peasants against the Russian persecutors in the east. Actually Vesainen became known by the general public after Santeri Ivalo published his historical novel "Juho Vesainen" in 1894. The ideal of a heroic and free peasant fit in especially well with the Finnish national atmosphere of the 1900s, although in reality Vesainen was a peasant who looked after his own interests. In this article Pekka Vesainen's biography is linked to the broader historical framework of the 25-year Russo-Swedish war (1570-1595), i.e. the old wrath, since most often Vesainen is connected to the wartime destruction of White Karelia and the military expedition to Petsamo in 1589. At the same time the author contemplates whether Vesainen was along in Petsamo; it is believed that the destruction of the monastery in Petsamo on Christmas night in 1589 was the work of Pekka Vesainen's troops. Severe havoc was experienced in the Northern Ostrobothnia region from Rovaniemi to Liminka, particularly in 1579, 1580. 1581 and 1587-1590. The Russians completely destroyed the settlements around Lake Oulujärvi in 1584-85. A defensive attitude was adopted in the northern part of the Swedish empire in the early 1570s, where the apparent main goal was to maintain peace. Nevertheless, the continuous attacks bred a desire to wage counterattacks against Russia. The Swedes' main objective was to control the Arctic Ocean, and therefore economic interests were also a reason to wage war. The Swedes has lost their profitable fur trade, among other things, to the Russians. The war was also a question of religious power. During the old wrath the Swedish army sought to systematically destroy the monasteries in Russian Karelia. The article points out how the Swedish crown's economic and military-political objectives also included the Northern Ostrobothnian peasants' guerrilla attacks on the city of Kandalaksha - the centre of White Karelia - and the recently founded Petsamo monastery and the city of Kola in the Kola Peninsula at the end of the 1580s. The peasants' attacks on Russia were not spontaneous strikes. The military expedition to White Karelia was led by Pekka Vesainen - a peasant from the village of Ylikiiminki, who was a very ruthless and tough person. For example, in the 1560s he killed a peasant neighbour but only had to pay a fine. However, Vesainen did not take part in the military expedition to Petsamo - it was carried out by peasants from Kemi and Tornio parishes. The article connects the Vesainen family to the extensive migration of people from Savo. Over twenty families from Savo, including the Vesainens, settled in the Kiiminki River valley in the 1550s-1570s. The Savonians fit in very well with the old settlements, as the Savonians utilised the coniferous forests in their bum-beating. They settled in previously unused areas. Many of the families had been neighbours already in Savo, so they formed a close-knit community in Kiiminki, also. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Faravid is the property of Pohjois-Suomen Historiallinen Yhdistys and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      03565629
    • Accession Number:
      108588549
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      ENHUSKE, M. Pekka Vesaisen historia: myyttinen sissipäällikkö, kovaluonteinen talonpoika 1500-luvulta. (Finnish). Faravid, [s. l.], v. 37, p. 35–57, 2013. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edo&AN=108588549. Acesso em: 1 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Enhuske M. Pekka Vesaisen historia: myyttinen sissipäällikkö, kovaluonteinen talonpoika 1500-luvulta. (Finnish). Faravid. 2013;37:35-57. Accessed October 1, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edo&AN=108588549
    • APA:
      Enhuske, M. (2013). Pekka Vesaisen historia: myyttinen sissipäällikkö, kovaluonteinen talonpoika 1500-luvulta. (Finnish). Faravid, 37, 35–57.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Enhuske, Matti. 2013. “Pekka Vesaisen Historia: Myyttinen Sissipäällikkö, Kovaluonteinen Talonpoika 1500-Luvulta. (Finnish).” Faravid 37 (November): 35–57. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edo&AN=108588549.
    • Harvard:
      Enhuske, M. (2013) ‘Pekka Vesaisen historia: myyttinen sissipäällikkö, kovaluonteinen talonpoika 1500-luvulta. (Finnish)’, Faravid, 37, pp. 35–57. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edo&AN=108588549 (Accessed: 1 October 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Enhuske, M 2013, ‘Pekka Vesaisen historia: myyttinen sissipäällikkö, kovaluonteinen talonpoika 1500-luvulta. (Finnish)’, Faravid, vol. 37, pp. 35–57, viewed 1 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Enhuske, Matti. “Pekka Vesaisen Historia: Myyttinen Sissipäällikkö, Kovaluonteinen Talonpoika 1500-Luvulta. (Finnish).” Faravid, vol. 37, Nov. 2013, pp. 35–57. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edo&AN=108588549.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Enhuske, Matti. “Pekka Vesaisen Historia: Myyttinen Sissipäällikkö, Kovaluonteinen Talonpoika 1500-Luvulta. (Finnish).” Faravid 37 (November 2013): 35–57. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edo&AN=108588549.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Enhuske M. Pekka Vesaisen historia: myyttinen sissipäällikkö, kovaluonteinen talonpoika 1500-luvulta. (Finnish). Faravid [Internet]. 2013 Nov [cited 2020 Oct 1];37:35–57. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edo&AN=108588549